We are committed to the scholarship of discovery as it contributes to the institution’s academic advancement.

EIT focuses on the delivery of programs relevant to today’s industry needs. Consequently, we seek that our scholar research:

  • includes original research that advances knowledge;
  • synthesizes information across topics, disciplines and/or time; and,
  • is presented in a format that will allow evaluation by others through public sharing.

Furthermore, EIT’s scholar research activities expand to ensure the inclusion of the reality of contemporary life, such as sponsoring technical conferences and events that bring together relevant industry experts and professionals to share their knowledge and industry experience in an effort to advance their particular fields.

EIT publication

Efficient Energy Distribution for Smart Household Applications


3 March, 2022
Energy distribution technique is an essential obligation of an intelligent household system to assure optimal and economical operation. This paper considers a small-scale household system detached from the power grids consisting of some electrical components in day-to-day life. Optimal power distribution generated from a photovoltaic system is vital for ensuring...Read More
EIT publication

Experimental Study on Truss-Column Pinned Connections in Large-Span Steel Structures

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28 February, 2022
A pin-connected joint, which was intended to accommodate a certain in-plane rotation and resist the shear forces, was introduced in this paper. Pinned-connections were applied on Truss-Column joints to support the heavy-loaded floors and roofs in a long-span steel structure. The Pinned-connection was designed in accordance with European code, and...Read More
EIT publication

Using Machine Learning to Predict and Avoid Malfunctions: A Revolutionary Concept for Condition-Based Asset Performance Management (APM)


24 February, 2022
In the renewable energy industry, a single component malfunction can significantly impact the entire network's performance. Asset failures in solar and wind farms can bring down a whole network of infrastructure, affecting thousands of customers and decreasing network reliability, costing hundreds of thousands of dollars. Therefore, there is a strong...Read More
EIT publication

A prediction model for compressive strength of CO2 concrete using regression analysis and artificial neural networks


5 February, 2022
Concrete is a very effective material for the construction of buildings and infrastructure around the world. Unfortunately, typical concrete is a large contributor to CO2 emissions and consumption of natural reserves. CO2 Concrete allows the mitigation of these downfalls by carbonating recycled aggregate, reducing CO2 emissions, reusing crushed masonry materials...Read More
EIT publication

A Comparative Analysis of Peak Load Shaving Strategies for Isolated Microgrid Using Actual Data


4 January, 2022
Peak load reduction is one of the most essential obligations and cost-effective tasks for electrical energy consumers. An isolated microgrid (IMG) system is an independent limited capacity power system where the peak shaving application can perform a vital role in the economic operation. This paper presents a comparative analysis of...Read More
EIT publication

Data Analysis for the Aero Derivative Engines Bleed System Failure Identification and Prediction


6 December, 2021
Middle size gas/diesel aero-derivative power generation engines are widely used on various industrial plants in the oil and gas industry. Bleed of Valve (BOV) system failure is one of the failure mechanisms of these engines. The BOV is part of the critical anti-surge system and this kind of failure is...Read More
EIT publication

Revised Semiempirical Approach to Predict the Occurrence of Twinning in Titanium Alloys

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2 December, 2021
A revised semiempirical approach, considering the average values of the valence electron to atom ratio (e/a̅) and a difference in atomic radii of alloying element/s and the base element (Δr̅), is proposed to predict the twin formation in titanium alloys. The revised e/a̅ versus Δr̅ diagram is plotted, considering the...Read More
EIT publication

Mathematical Analysis on Harmonics Mitigation Using a Phase-Shifted Transformer based Twelve-Pulse Variable Frequency Drive

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16 November, 2021
Harmonics are among the serious problems that affect the power quality of an electrical system. However, harmonics nowadays are inevitable due to the ever-increasing number of Variable Frequency Drives (VFDs), Uninterruptible Power Supply (UPS) and other non-linear loads. In this regard, IEEE519 Standard specifies the allowable Total Harmonic Distortion (THD)...Read More
EIT publication

Modeling and Performance Assessment of an Efficient Photovoltaic based Grid-Connected Inverter System with Integration of LCL Filter


16 November, 2021
Power converters are required to modify the intermittent power from renewable sources into smooth and stable output. However, the power electronic based components which are utilized in the converters along with their pulse width modulation property can create power quality issues. Among all of them, one of the critical aspects...Read More
EIT publication

An Overview of Freeze and Thaw Cycles Affecting the Durability of Recycled Aggregate Concrete


12 October, 2021
Exposure to severe temperatures is one of the critical effects on concrete damage. Additionally, the aggregate porosity (pores in the range of 0.1–0.5 μm) is the characteristic that influences freeze–thaw resistance due to the pore saturation resulting in the concrete deterioration. Freeze and thaw is a durability property which is the...Read More
EIT publication

Deformation and permeability of recycled aggregate concrete - A comprehensive review


9 October, 2021
Properties of recycled aggregate concrete (RAC) were found to be dependent on the source, its composition and consistent quality of demolished concrete waste. Many studies have shown that using recycled aggregate (RA) in concrete suffers from strength and durability problems caused mainly due to relatively porous residual mortar adhered on the surface...Read More
EIT publication

Neural Networks-based Process Model and its Integration with Conventional Drum Level PID Control in a Steam Boiler Plant


1 October, 2021
Controlling drum level is a major and crucial control objective in thermal power plant steam boilers. The drum level as a controlled variable is highly characterized by complex non-linear process dynamics as well as measurement noise and long-time delays. Developing a data-driven process model is particularly advantageous as it could...Read More
EIT publication

Modelling the work-as-done in the building maintenance using a layered FRAM: A case study on HVAC maintenance


3 September, 2021
Maintenance of heating, ventilation, and air-conditioning (HVAC) systems has become one of the most relevant maintenance operations in public buildings. The intense interaction among human agents and equipment, aligned with information's distributed nature, exposes the maintenance workers to significant and complex risks during their routines. Prescribed procedures frequently differ from...Read More
EIT publication

A comparison of ground and air source heat pump performance for domestic applications: A case study in Perth, Australia


11 August, 2021
This paper aims to assess the efficacy and practical feasibility of implementing a ground source heat pump (GSHP) vis-à-vis an air source heat pump (ASHP) for domestic applications. The outcomes of this comparison are based on monitoring each of those systems installed in two near identical adjacent houses in Perth,...Read More
EIT publication

A Study on Sensor System Latency in VR Motion Sickness


6 August, 2021
One of the most frequent technical factors affecting Virtual Reality (VR) performance and causing motion sickness is system latency. In this paper, we adopted predictive algorithms (i.e., Dead Reckoning, Kalman Filtering, and Deep Learning algorithms) to reduce the system latency. Cubic, quadratic, and linear functions are used to predict and...Read More
EIT publication

The success of e-Learning implementation for engineering courses: Case study - EIT

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2 July, 2021
Globally, the ease of internet access has had a positive effect on the education sector. Many higher education institutions are leveraging this opportunity and are strongly investing in e-Learning systems offering courses in various disciplines. Engineering courses are challenging on their own, but to teach and engage e-learners' in first...Read More
EIT publication

Development, Implementation And Analysis Of Effectiveness Of Online Synchronous And Asynchronous Instructions For Engineering Graphics Course

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2 July, 2021
This paper presents the tools and techniques used for the development of synchronous and asynchronous instructions for online delivery of Engineering Graphics course for undergraduate students at the Engineering Institute of Technology as a part of blended delivery of this unit. The paper discusses how the online course was designed...Read More
EIT publication

Implementation of Industry Inputs in Higher Education Courses

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2 July, 2021
Higher education courses must be continuously updated to catch up with the ever-changing industrial advancements. An up-to-date course benefits all parties of interest including students, employers and the education institution. This paper discusses the process of identifying industry expectations from graduates and implementing industry inputs based on two engineering courses...Read More
EIT publication

Synchronous And Asynchronous Online Training Tools and Techniques For Engineering Lecturers Of Online And Face-To-Face Delivery Modes

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2 July, 2021
This article discusses various tools and techniques used for training novice and experienced lecturers on how to use different synchronous and asynchronous instruction methods to deliver numerous engineering subjects online and on-campus in the blended form at the Engineering Institute of Technology (EIT). Didactic training techniques and tools were developed...Read More
EIT publication

Industry 4.0 Applications for Medical/Healthcare Services


30 June, 2021
At present, the whole world is transitioning to the fourth industrial revolution, or Industry 4.0, representing the transition to digital, fully automated environments, and cyber-physical systems. Industry 4.0 comprises many different technologies and innovations, which are being implemented in many different sectors. In this review, we focus on the healthcare...Read More
EIT publication

Evaluation of Remote or Virtual Laboratories in E-Learning Engineering Courses

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18 June, 2021
The learning environment has shifted from the traditional synchronous classroom-based mode to synchronous and asynchronous online mode. However, critical aspects of engineering courses where theories meet applications, such as in the form of practical or laboratory work, are challenging to be conducted effectively online. The rise of industry 4.0 has...Read More
EIT publication

Analyzing Utilization of Biomass in Combined Heat and Power and Combined Cooling, Heating, and Power Systems


5 June, 2021
Nowadays, ever-increasing energy demands and the depletion of fossil fuels require efficient and environmentally friendly technologies for energy generation. In this context, energy systems integration makes for a very strong proposition since it results in energy saving, fuel diversification, and the supply of cleaner energy. To this end, it is...Read More
EIT publication

Techno-economic analysis of direct combustion and gasification systems for off-grid energy supply: A case for organic rankine cycle and dual fluidized-bed


2 May, 2021
Biomass is one of the most versatile sustainable energy sources. This versatility allows utilization of different biomass feedstock using a verity of conversion techniques. Often, a biomass-to-bioenergy conversion method is selected depending on the application, end-use product, and the type of feedstock. In many applications such as residential energy supply,...Read More
EIT publication

Developing a Decision Tree Algorithm for Wind Power Plants Siting and Sizing in Distribution Networks


19 April, 2021
The interconnection of wind power plants (WPPs) with distribution networks has posed many challenges concerned with voltage stability at the point of common coupling (PCC). In a distribution network connected WPP, the short-circuit ratio (SCR) and impedance angle ratio seen at PCC (X/RPCC) are the most important parameters, which affect...Read More
EIT publication

Quality improvement of recycled concrete aggregate by removal of residual mortar: A comprehensive review of approaches adopted


3 April, 2021
With the goal of achieving sustainable development, numerous research studies have been conducted aimed at reducing construction and demolition waste for improving sustainability and environment and reducing greenhouse-gas emissions.  Recycled concrete aggregate due to its residual adhered mortar has low specific gravity and high water absorption. Both of these impediments contribute in the increase...Read More
EIT publication

Assessing the effectiveness of UHPFRC, FRHSC and ECC against high velocity projectile impact


31 March, 2021
High velocity projectile impact (HVPI) test was carried out on three classes of cement composites to assess their performance. The tests were conducted on thick block specimens using non-deformable ogive-nosed projectiles with a mass of 250 g and a diameter of 28 mm at approximately 400 m/s. The severity of damage was quantified by the depth of penetration...Read More
EIT publication

Plagiarism, Contract Cheating And Other Academic Misconducts In Online Engineering Education: Analysis, Detection And Prevention Strategies

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8 March, 2021
Various types of academic misconducts including plagiarism have recently been a matter of concern for engineering educators and administrators. Apart from being a form of academic misconduct, plagiarism hinders the students from developing critical thinking and analysis abilities. If the issue is related with another newer form of academic misconduct...Read More
EIT publication

A Magnetic Hybrid Stationary Bicycle Design for Improved Standalone Power Generation

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5 March, 2021
With the aim of developing smart standalone systems for improving power generation, this paper is focused on implementation of a hybrid stationary exercise bicycle for generating electricity with increased output power. With that in mind, the concept of magnetic forces has been utilized to assist the cyclist pedaling action, which...Read More
EIT publication

Load Profile Segmentation using Residential Energy Consumption Data


5 March, 2021
In this paper, a new approach for load profile segmentation is investigated for residential energy consumption. The proposed approach considers the daily level granularity and identifies dominant patterns of energy consumption for individual participants. The analysis uses adaptive k-means clustering to determine the number of clusters that improve the distances...Read More
EIT publication

Resource Allocation and Service Provisioning in Multi-Agent Cloud Robotics: A Comprehensive Survey


23 February, 2021
Robotic applications nowadays are widely adopted to enhance operational automation and performance of real-world Cyber-Physical Systems (CPSs) including Industry 4.0, agriculture, healthcare, and disaster management. These applications are composed of latency-sensitive, data-heavy, and compute-intensive tasks. The robots, however, are constrained in the computational power and storage capacity. The concept of...Read More
EIT publication

Detecting SARS-CoV-2 From Chest X-Ray Using Artificial Intelligence


23 February, 2021
Chest radiographs (X-rays) combined with Deep Convolutional Neural Network (CNN) methods have been demonstrated to detect and diagnose the onset of COVID-19, the disease caused by the Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). However, questions remain regarding the accuracy of those methods as they are often challenged by limited...Read More
EIT publication

Classification and Analysis of Optimization Techniques for Integrated Energy Systems Utilizing Renewable Energy Sources: A Review for CHP and CCHP Systems


12 February, 2021
Energy generation and its utilization is bound to increase in the following years resulting in accelerating depletion of fossil fuels, and consequently, undeniable damages to our environment. Over the past decade, despite significant efforts in renewable energy realization and developments for electricity generation, carbon dioxide emissions have been increasing rapidly....Read More
EIT publication

A regression-based framework to examine thermal loads of buildings


2 February, 2021
Building facades play an important role in thermal loads, which act as an isolation barrier to ensure thermal comfort to the occupants. Depending on the properties of the building material adopted, each component of a building facade may lose or gain heat, contributing to the building’s thermal load. There is...Read More
EIT publication

An automated thesis supervisor allocation process using machine learning

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23 January, 2021
The higher education sector has been growing at a significant rate demanding a variety of skills and knowledge from both sides: instructors and learners. Thesis supervision is one of the main challenges as this activity combines research and teaching practices. To ensure the success of a student’s thesis project, it...Read More
EIT publication

Arithmetic mean-based decision-making algorithm for obstacle avoidance and multiple intruder detection

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21 January, 2021
This paper demonstrates a decentralized strategy of an arithmetic mean-based navigation algorithm for a group of mobile robots. The aim is to have them navigate through an unknown environment surrounded by obstacles to detect and follow multiple invading intruders. The suggested navigation strategy ensures that the mobile robots safely manoeuvre...Read More
EIT publication

Performance of recycled aggregate concrete filled steel tubular (RACFST) stub columns with expansive agent


21 January, 2021
This paper investigates the effects of the expansive agent on recycled aggregate concrete filled steel tubular (RACFST) stub columns under axial compression. The main experimental parameters include an expansive agent ratio and recycled aggregate replacement ratio. In the current experimental study, owing to the enhanced confinement, the RACFST columns with...Read More
EIT publication

Autonomous Navigation of a Team of Unmanned Surface Vehicles for Intercepting Intruders on a Region Boundary


4 January, 2021
We study problems of intercepting single and multiple invasive intruders on a boundary of a planar region by employing a team of autonomous unmanned surface vehicles. First, the problem of intercepting a single intruder has been studied and then the proposed strategy has been applied to intercepting multiple intruders on...Read More
EIT publication

An Awareness Study of Smart Meters Radiation on Human Head


16 December, 2020
In the current state-of-the-art for smart grid technology, A key proponent for progress has been the advances made in the domain of smart meters. Essentially, smart meters are digital devices that use the wireless radio frequency (RF) technology to communicate in real-time with the energy utility company. Similar to their...Read More
EIT publication

Evaluation of 4D BIM tools applicability in construction planning efficiency


3 November, 2020
Worldwide the construction industry presents a significant demand for new technologies ensuring certainty, cost-effectiveness and time efficiency. Modern construction relies on digital resources, and one of the most prominent novelties is Building Information Modelling (BIM). Construction planning effectiveness is based on clear communication and integration between project planners and other...Read More
EIT publication

Mathematical Modelling of the Effect of X/R and Short Circuit Ratio on Voltage in a Distribution System Connected Wind Farm


1 November, 2020
Increasing capacity of interconnected wind farms to distribution networks significantly affects voltage stability because of wind farm limitation in regulating reactive power. Therefore, the main aspect in the design and planning of a distribution system connected wind farm is to analyse voltage stability at the Point of Common Coupling (PCC)....Read More
EIT publication

A Mathematical Method for Induction Generator Based Wind Power Plant Sizing and Siting in Distribution Network


30 July, 2020
Throughout the world, Induction Generators (IGs) have been commonly used in numerous installations of Wind Power Plants (WPPs) due to their simple construction, low cost, etc. However, IGs are not capable of controlling reactive power and regulating terminal voltage. This adversely impacts voltage stability at the Point of Common Coupling...Read More
EIT publication

Investigation into the Impact of Cable Failure Localisation Methods on the Underground Cable Life Time in a Medium Voltage Distribution Network

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30 July, 2020
The use of underground cables is essential in power distribution networks as they mitigate the issues related to space availability and minimise line breakdown and increase system reliability. However, the detection and localization of cable fault is challenging due to the limited access to the cable burned under the ground....Read More
EIT publication

Properties of high-strength lightweight concrete using manufactured aggregate


14 July, 2020
The physical and mechanical properties of high-strength lightweight concrete were investigated considering various parameters including mixture design proportions, dosages and types of superplasticiser and silica fume and cement content aiming at a design strength of 45 MPa. The experimental results of density, tensile strength, modulus of elasticity and efficiency factor (ratio...Read More
EIT publication

Developing a Mathematical Model for Wind Power Plant Siting and Sizing in Distribution Networks

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6 July, 2020
Wind Power Plants (WPPs) are generally located in remote areas with weak distribution connections. Hence, the value of Short Circuit Capacity (SCC), WPP size and the short circuit impedance angle ratio (X/R) are all very critical in the voltage stability of a distribution system connected WPP. This paper presents a...Read More
EIT publication

Current state of research in application of disruptive technologies in engineering education

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12 June, 2020
Disruptive innovation technologies have made their way in the field of academia during the past few years. A plethora of literature exists investigating the applications of various disruptive technologies in the field of engineering education. The directions for future research however are still obscured by the copious amount of literature...Read More
EIT publication

Deformation and toughness behavior of β -type titanium alloys comprising C15-type Laves phase


25 February, 2020
Laves phases are effective in tailoring the mechanical properties of alloys used for structural engineering applications. Therefore, it is an emerging research significance to investigate the deformation features of alloys comprising a Laves phase. In this work, the Ti–33Zr–xFe–yCr (x = 5, 7 wt% and y = 2, 4 wt%) alloys were designed in such a...Read More
EIT publication

Activated carbon–carbon dioxide based two stage adsorption compression Brayton cycle power generation


14 September, 2019
Enhancement of energy delivery of a carbon dioxide (CO2) Brayton cycle without compression work liability is achievable using low grade heat for thermal compression. The limitation of the expansion ratios of a single stage adsorption thermal compression is obviated by opting for pressure build up in two stages. Despite the...Read More
EIT publication

Recycled ceramic fine aggregate for masonry mortar production


6 September, 2019
Construction and demolition waste is composed of fragments of ceramic tiles, steel, wood, plaster, glass, concrete and mortar. Reduction and reuse of this waste can minimise the consumption of natural resources and energy in the construction industry. In addition, high population growth followed by a large housing deficit in many...Read More
EIT publication

Improved trade-off between strength and plasticity in titanium based metastable beta type Ti-Zr-Fe-Sn alloys


26 August, 2019
An impressive strengthening ability of Laves phases is favorable to develop titanium alloys with an improved trade-off between strength and plasticity. Therefore, the Ti-xZr-7Fe-ySn (x = 25, 30, 35 wt% and y = 1, 2 wt%) alloys were first designed in such a manner that a Laves phase would precipitate in these alloys and then the investigated alloys...Read More
EIT publication

A novel settling tank for produced water treatment: CFD simulations and PIV experiments


20 August, 2019
Removal of solids is a critical step in the treatment of produced water generated by offshore hydrocarbon exploration. Present work evaluates a new design of a settling tank that can be used for continuous separation of fine particles from produced water. The novelty of the design lies in its ability generate...Read More