on January 17th, 2024

In the quest to combat energy shortages and devise eco-friendly energy sources, scientists have achieved a remarkable feat: engineering E. coli bacteria, a widely studied microbe, to generate electricity from wastewater.

Revolutionizing Waste Management and Energy Production

This pioneering accomplishment in bioelectronics by researchers from a university in Switzerland introduces an innovative paradigm poised to revolutionize both waste management and energy production.

Ardemis Boghossian, a Professor at EPFL (the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Lausanne), shed light on this groundbreaking approach, stating how, “Though there are exotic microbes that naturally produce electricity, they can only do so in the presence of specific chemicals. E. coli can grow on a wide range of sources, which allows us to produce electricity in a wide range of environments, including from wastewater.”

E. coli bacteria used in electricity generation are rooted in extracellular electron transfer (EET). Researchers have meticulously engineered E. coli bacteria to exhibit enhanced EET, transforming them into highly efficient “electric microbes.”

In a departure from previous methodologies that mandated specific chemicals for electricity generation, the bioengineered E. coli showcases its versatility by producing electricity while metabolizing a diverse array of organic substrates. This adaptability not only enhances its practical utility but also positions it as a formidable player in the realm of sustainable energy generation.

Scientists and Engineers Generate Electricity from Wastewater Bacteria

Real-world Application and Environmental Impact

The research team conducted practical tests by directly applying their innovative technology to wastewater sourced from a local brewery in Lausanne.

Prof Boghossian emphasized the significance, stating, “Instead of putting energy into the system to process organic waste, we are producing electricity while processing organic waste at the same time — hitting two birds with one stone.”

The findings of this real-world application underscored the robustness of the bioengineered electric bacteria. Unlike exotic electric microbes that struggled to survive in the wastewater, the bioengineered E. coli not only endured but flourished exponentially, thriving by feeding off the organic waste.

“Our work is quite timely, as engineered bioelectric microbes are pushing the boundaries in more and more real-world applications. We have set a new record compared to the previous state-of-the-art,” said lead scientist Mohammed Mouhib from EPFL.

Scientists and Engineers: Guardians of Environmental and Public Health

Discoveries such as this are also not possible without the support of wastewater engineers who, in addition to being responsible for the design, construction, and operation of systems that collect and treat wastewater, also play a pivotal role in the development and implementation of innovative technologies that help make discoveries such as this possible.

Wastewater engineers work on designing and modifying treatment systems to accommodate these bacteria, ensuring their sustained activity for optimal energy production. Through their expertise, they contribute to the scalability and reliability of technology, making it applicable on a larger scale within diverse wastewater treatment facilities.

A typical wastewater treatment plant

Moreover, the role of wastewater engineers extends beyond technical implementation; they also serve as guardians of environmental and public health. By integrating electricity-generating bacteria into wastewater treatment, engineers contribute to cleaner water discharge while simultaneously producing a renewable energy source. This dual-benefit approach aligns with the broader goals of sustainability and resource efficiency.

Wastewater engineers are at the forefront of addressing the environmental impact of wastewater, actively seeking solutions that not only meet regulatory standards but also contribute to a more sustainable and resilient future.

Transformative Synergies for a Greener Future

The marriage of wastewater engineering and bacterial electricity generation represents a transformative step toward addressing pressing challenges in environmental management and renewable energy.

The ability to extract electricity from wastewater not only enhances the efficiency of wastewater treatment but also holds the promise of providing accessible and sustainable energy solutions for communities worldwide.

This innovation underscores the potential for science and technology to create synergies between environmental stewardship and energy production, paving the way for a greener and more resilient


Bacteria generate electricity from wastewater

Engineered E. coli to generate electricity from wastewater

Simultaneous wastewater treatment and biological electricity generation

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