Engineering Institute of Technology


Unit Name


Unit Code



Unit Duration



Bachelor of Science (Engineering)


Duration 3 years

Year Level


Unit Creator/Reviewer






Credit Points



Total Program Credit Points 81 (27 x 3)

Mode of Delivery

Online or on-campus.

Unit Workload

(Total student workload including “contact hours” = 10 hours per week)

Pre-recordings / Lecture – 1.5 hours Tutorial – 1.5 hours

Guided labs / Group work / Assessments – 2 hours Personal Study recommended - 5 hours

The objective of this unit is to augment the knowledge imparted in the earlier unit (BEE108S) on power generation, and impart a detailed knowledge of the design and planning of power generation using renewable sources. Sustainable energy is a concept which needs to be reinforced in the interest of preserving the environment, and is going to continue being a significant focus area for future decades; a thorough knowledge of the technologies utilising renewable sources, and their pros and cons, is essential for all engineers; this unit aims to provide detailed knowledge and appreciation of these technologies. Students will also undertake a project covering the design of a wind farm for a hypothetical location, starting from the details of collecting and verifying data, sizing of wind turbine units, selecting suitable locations within the farm, and interconnection with the power grid.

Learning Outcomes

On successful completion of this Unit, students are expected to be able to:


  1. Explain the processes involved in thermal power generation using non-renewable as well as renewable fuels, and the associated equipment.

  2. Determine by calculations the power generation potential of the various methods of tapping power from hydro-electric sources, the structures used for storing/channelling the water flow, and the equipment used (different types of turbines).

  3. Discuss other renewable/non-polluting technologies such as geothermal, tidal, wave energy, and fuel cells.

  4. Calculate the power generation capacity achievable by solar energy sources such as solar, thermal, and photo-voltaic systems.

  5. Design a solar powered system based on PV cells for a small community with adequate storage to ensure reliable supply.

  6. Explain the method of harnessing wind energy through wind turbines and compare using numerical methods the different types of turbine designs.

    Completing this unit may add to students professional development/competencies by:

    1. Fostering personal and professional skills and attributes in order to:

      1. Conduct work in a professionally diligent, accountable and ethical manner.

      2. Effectively use oral and written communication in personal and professional domains.

      3. Foster applicable creative thinking, critical thinking and problem solving skills.

      4. Develop initiative and engagement in lifelong learning and professional development.

      5. Enhance collaboration outcomes and performance in dynamic team roles.

      6. Effectively plan, organise, self-manage and manage others.

      7. Professionally utilise and manage information.

      8. Enhance technologist literacy and apply contextualised technologist skills.

    2. Enhance investigatory and research capabilities in order to:

      1. Develop an understanding of systematic, fundamental scientific, mathematic principles, numerical analysis techniques and statistics applicable to technologists.

      2. Access, evaluate and analyse information on technologist processes, procedures, investigations and the discernment of technologist knowledge development.

      3. Foster an in-depth understanding of specialist bodies of knowledge, computer science, engineering design practice and contextual factors applicable to technologists.

      4. Solve basic and open-ended engineering technologist problems.

      5. Understand the scope, principles, norms, accountabilities and bounds associated with sustainable engineering practice.

    3. Develop engineering application abilities in order to:

      1. Apply established engineering methods to broadly-defined technologist problem solving.

      2. Apply engineering technologist techniques, tool and resources.

      3. Apply systematic technologist synthesis and design processes.

      4. Systematically conduct and manage technologist projects, work assignments, testing and experimentation.

The Australian Engineering Stage 1 Competency Standards for Engineering Technologists, approved as of 2013. This table is referenced in the mapping of graduate attributes to learning outcomes and via the learning outcomes to student assessment.


Stage 1 Competencies and Elements of Competency


Knowledge and Skill Base


Systematic, theory based understanding of the underpinning natural and physical sciences and the engineering fundamentals applicable to the technology domain.


Conceptual understanding of the, mathematics, numerical analysis, statistics, and computer and information sciences which underpin the technology domain.


In-depth understanding of specialist bodies of knowledge within the technology domain.


Discernment of knowledge development within the technology domain.


Knowledge of engineering design practice and contextual factors impacting the technology domain.


Understanding of the scope, principles, norms, accountabilities and bounds of sustainable engineering practice in the technology domain.


Engineering Application Ability


Application of established engineering methods to broadly-defined problem solving within the technology domain.


Application of engineering techniques, tools and resources within the technology domain.


Application of systematic synthesis and design processes within the technology domain.


Application of systematic approaches to the conduct and management of projects within the technology domain.


Professional and Personal Attributes


Ethical conduct and professional accountability.


Effective oral and written communication in professional and lay domains.


Creative, innovative and pro-active demeanour.


Professional use and management of information.


Orderly management of self and professional conduct.


Effective team membership and team leadership.

Successfully completing this Unit will contribute to the recognition of attainment of the following graduate attributes aligned to the AQF Level 7 criteria, Engineers Australia Stage 1 Competency Standards for Engineering Technologists and the Sydney Accord:


Graduate Attributes

(Knowledge, Skills, Abilities, Professional and Personal Development)

EA Stage 1 Competencies

Learning Outcomes

A. Knowledge of Science and Engineering Fundamentals

A1. Breadth of knowledge of engineering and systematic, theory-based understanding of underlying principles, and depth of knowledge across one or more engineering sub- disciplines


1.1, 1.3


1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6

A2. Knowledge of mathematical, statistical and computer sciences appropriate for engineering technology





A3. Discernment of knowledge development within the technology domain


1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6

A4. Knowledge of engineering design practice and contextual factors impacting the technology domain





B. Problem Solving, Critical Analysis and Judgement

B1. Ability to research, synthesise, evaluate and innovatively apply theoretical concepts, knowledge and approaches across diverse engineering technology contexts to effectively solve engineering problems


1.4, 2.1, 2.3


1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6

B2. Technical and project management skills to design complex systems and solutions in line with developments in engineering technology professional practice


2.1, 2.2, 2.3, 3.2


5, 6

C. Effective Communication

C1. Cognitive and technical skills to investigate, analyse and organise information and ideas and to communicate those ideas clearly and fluently, in both written and spoken forms appropriate to the audience




1, 2, 3, 4, 6

C2. Ability to engage effectively and appropriately across a diverse range of cultures



D. Design and Project Management

D1. Apply systematic synthesis and design processes within the technology domain

2.1, 2.2, 2.3


D2. Apply systematic approaches to the conduct and management of projects within the technology domain





E. Accountability, Professional and Ethical Conduct

E1. Innovation in applying engineering technology, having regard to ethics and impacts including economic; social; environmental and sustainability


1.6, 3.1, 3.4


2, 3, 4, 5, 6

E2. Professional conduct, understanding and accountability in professional practice across diverse circumstances including team work, leadership and independent work


3.3, 3.4, 3.5, 3.6


Unit Competency and Learning Outcome Map

This table details the mapping of the unit graduate attributes to the unit learning outcomes and the Australian Engineering Stage 1 Competency Standards for the Engineering Technologist.




Graduate Attributes














Engineers Australia Stage 1 Competency Standards for Engineering Technologist

























































































































































































Unit Learning Outcomes













































Student Assessment



Assessment Type

When Assessed



(% of total unit marks)

Learning Outcomes Assessed


Assessment 1

Type: Multi-choice test / Group work / Short answer questions / Practical / Remote Lab / Simulation

Example Topic: Thermal and hydro-electric power generation.

Students will complete a quiz with MCQ type answers to

30 questions to demonstrate a detailed knowledge of thermal and hydro-electric power generation systems/equipment.


Week 5




1, 2


Assessment 2

Type: Multi-choice test / Group work / Short answer questions / Practical / Remote Lab / Simulation

Example Topic: New types of renewable energy technologies including harnessing solar energy.

Students will complete a test with about 20 questions of numerical problems and short answer questions (each to be answered in less than 100 words and explanatory diagrams) to demonstrate a detailed knowledge of various new types of renewable power sources and also solar power harnessing methods.


Week 9




3, 4


Assessment 3

Type: Multi-choice test / Group work / Short answer questions / Practical / Remote Lab / Simulation / Project / Report

Example Topic: A project covering the design of a wind farm for a hypothetical location, starting from the details of collecting and verifying data, sizing of wind turbine units, selecting suitable locations within the farm, and interconnection with the power grid. Compare this with a solar power solution.


Week 11




5, 6


Assessment 4

Type: Examination

An examination with a mix of detailed essay type questions and numerical problems to be completed within 2 hours.


Final Week






Attendance / Tutorial Participation

Example: Presentation, discussion, group work, exercises, self-assessment/reflection, case study analysis, application.




Prescribed and Recommended Readings


Required textbook(s)

IDC/EIT reference manual for the Renewable Energy Technologies program


Reference Materials

Chaplin R, 2009, Thermal Power Plants Edited by Robin Chaplin, EOLSS Publishers, UK,

Zobaa A & Bansal R (eds), 2011, Handbook of Renewable Energy Technology, World Scientific Publishing Co Pte Ltd. ISBN 13-978-981-4289-06-1

References from the Internet: An example: Transparent Panels Signal the Future of the Solar Industry by Mary Mazzoni on Thursday, Mar 27th, 2014.


Unit Content

One topic is delivered per contact week, with the exception of part-time 24-week units, where one topic is delivered every two weeks.


Topics 1 and 2

Thermal power generation and heat sources

  1. Thermal cycle with water as the heat transfer medium

  2. Fuels used

  3. Steam generator and its design based on fuels burnt

  4. Components of a typical thermal power plant including water treatment, re-circulation, and cooling

  5. Efficiency enhancement by heat recovery

  6. Cleaning up waste gases (solids and gaseous waste products)

  7. Waste disposal systems/waste utilisation

  8. Nuclear reactor as heat source

  9. Turbine as the prime-mover

  10. Efficiency of the thermal cycle and heat pollution

  11. Enhancing efficiency using co-generation principles

  12. Thermal power plant economics

  13. Internal combustion heat engines using renewable and fossil fuels


Topics 3 and 4

Hydroelectric power

  1. Introduction to hydroelectric power

  2. Hydraulic engineering

  3. Calculating power generation potential of a water resource

  4. Run-of-river schemes with particular reference to mini/micro hydro power plants

  5. Hydraulic structures and their function

  6. Flow control methods

  7. Types of water turbines and applications

  8. Turbine selection criteria

  9. Turbine efficiency and performance

  10. Pumped storage option for demand management

  11. Environmental problems posed by large hydro power plants

  12. Reservoir-induced seismicity

  13. Seismic design of dams

  14. Electrical generator and associated equipment for hydro-plants


Topics 5 and 6

Other renewable/non-polluting energy generation methods

  1. Geothermal power extraction cycle

  2. Equipment used in geo-thermal plants and special requirements

  3. Tidal energy plants and their design features

  4. Turbine types for use in tide basins

  5. Wave energy plants

  6. Biomass-types and ways of utilisation

  7. Anaerobic digestors for animal and human waste

  8. Bio mass gassifiers for agro waste

  9. Ethanol fuels from agro-products/by-products

  10. Bio fuels in liquid form (Bio Diesel)

  11. Hydrogen as a fuel

  12. Fuel cells general principles and different types

  13. Comparison of efficiencies and performance


Topics 7 and 8

Solar power applications

  1. Historical overview

  2. Solar heat as energy source

  3. Power generation using steam generation units operating on solar heat

  4. Photovoltaic basics

  5. Modern PV cells

  6. PV characteristics

  7. Cell design

  8. Maximising power output

  9. Solar power module arrangement

  10. Tracking systems (single and dual axis)

  11. A complete solar system with inverter and storage battery

  12. Electrical system design and grid tie

  13. Future of solar energy using polymer cells and transparent-coatings as solar power sources


Topics 9 and 10

Wind power

  1. Historical overview

  2. Wind power data collection and evaluation

  3. Wind turbine technology options

  4. Horizontal and vertical axis turbines

  5. Turbine components

  6. Wind turbine blade design

  7. Turbine output calculation

  8. Citing a wind farm for maximum benefit

  9. Offshore wind turbine option

  10. Wind turbine control

  11. Tower and turbine design

  12. Types of generators used

  13. Electronics for variable frequency generators used in wind turbines

  14. Wind farm site selection and environmental issues

  15. Grid interface for wind farms


Topic 11

Distributed generation and its economics in today’s scenario

  1. Cost of solar power

  2. Cost of wind power generation

  3. Technical problems faced by electric grid with large scale embedded systems (voltage problems)

  4. Wind power interconnection with the grid (power factor problems)

  5. Incentives for wheeling of wind power through a grid

  6. Scheduling solar and wind power sources in an integrated way in a power grid

  7. Storage as a key technology area for large scale deployment of renewable power sources


Topic 12

Unit Review

In the final week students will have an opportunity to review the contents covered so far. Opportunity will be provided for a review of student work and to clarify any outstanding issues. Instructors/facilitators may choose to cover a specialized topic if applicable to that cohort.