Engineering Institute of Technology


Unit Name


Unit Code



Unit Duration



Bachelor of Science (Engineering)


Duration 3 years

Year Level


Unit Creator/Reviewer






Credit Points



Total Program Credit Points 81 (27 x 3)

Mode of Delivery

Online or On-campus

Unit Workload

(Total student workload including “contact hours” = 10 hours per week)

Pre-recordings / Lecture – 1.5 hours Tutorial – 1.5 hours

Guided labs / Group work / Assessments – 2 hours

Personal Study recommended - 5 hours

The objective of this unit is to teach students the fundamentals of hydraulics. This knowledge is required for many real world applications, particularly for industrial environments where there is a proliferation of pipework and plant equipment.

The subject matter covered in this unit will include: a review of the fundamental equations of fluid mechanics; the technique of dimensional analysis, which allows the systematic discovery of parameter sets that govern the characteristic features of flow; friction effects in fluid flows; and, hydraulics applications in civil engineering, including fluid statics, steady, uniform, and non-uniform incompressible flow in pipelines and channels, pumped systems, and culvert hydraulics.

At the conclusion of this unit, students will have been imparted with the requisite knowledge to analyse and solve many hydraulics related problems and design a variety of hydraulic structures such as rigid boundary channels, pipes, and culverts.


Learning Outcomes

On successful completion of this Unit, students are expected to be able to:

  1. Describe and demonstrate the relevant properties of fluids and calculate pressures and forces on floating and immersed bodies.

  2. Analyse pump and pipeline systems for steady flow involving single and multiple pumps.

  3. Examine and solve steady uniform and non-uniform open channel flow problems.

  4. Design rigid boundary channels and classify gradually varied flow profiles.

  5. Contrast the concepts of specific energy and specific force in open channel flow.

  6. Design pipe and box culverts and estimate the head-discharge relationship for common flow measuring devices.

  7. Conduct hydraulics related practicals.

    Completing this unit may add to students professional development/competencies by:

    1. Fostering personal and professional skills and attributes in order to:

      1. Conduct work in a professionally diligent, accountable and ethical manner.

      2. Effectively use oral and written communication in personal and professional domains.

      3. Foster applicable creative thinking, critical thinking and problem solving skills.

      4. Develop initiative and engagement in lifelong learning and professional development.

      5. Enhance collaboration outcomes and performance in dynamic team roles.

      6. Effectively plan, organise, self-manage and manage others.

      7. Professionally utilise and manage information.

      8. Enhance technologist literacy and apply contextualised technologist skills.

    2. Enhance investigatory and research capabilities in order to:

      1. Develop an understanding of systematic, fundamental scientific, mathematic principles, numerical analysis techniques and statistics applicable to technologists.

      2. Access, evaluate and analyse information on technologist processes, procedures, investigations and the discernment of technologist knowledge development.

      3. Foster an in-depth understanding of specialist bodies of knowledge, computer science, engineering design practice and contextual factors applicable to technologists.

      4. Solve basic and open-ended engineering technologist problems.

      5. Understand the scope, principles, norms, accountabilities and bounds associated with sustainable engineering practice.

    3. Develop engineering application abilities in order to:

      1. Apply established engineering methods to broadly-defined technologist problem solving.

      2. Apply engineering technologist techniques, tool and resources.

      3. Apply systematic technologist synthesis and design processes.

      4. Systematically conduct and manage technologist projects, work assignments, testing and experimentation.

The Australian Engineering Stage 1 Competency Standards for Engineering Technologists, approved as of 2013. This table is referenced in the mapping of graduate attributes to learning outcomes and via the learning outcomes to student assessment.


Stage 1 Competencies and Elements of Competency


Knowledge and Skill Base


Systematic, theory based understanding of the underpinning natural and physical sciences and the engineering fundamentals applicable to the technology domain.


Conceptual understanding of the, mathematics, numerical analysis, statistics, and computer and information sciences which underpin the technology domain.


In-depth understanding of specialist bodies of knowledge within the technology domain.


Discernment of knowledge development within the technology domain.


Knowledge of engineering design practice and contextual factors impacting the technology domain.


Understanding of the scope, principles, norms, accountabilities and bounds of sustainable engineering practice in the technology domain.


Engineering Application Ability


Application of established engineering methods to broadly-defined problem solving within the technology domain.


Application of engineering techniques, tools and resources within the technology domain.


Application of systematic synthesis and design processes within the technology domain.


Application of systematic approaches to the conduct and management of projects within the technology domain.


Professional and Personal Attributes


Ethical conduct and professional accountability.


Effective oral and written communication in professional and lay domains.


Creative, innovative and pro-active demeanour.


Professional use and management of information.


Orderly management of self and professional conduct.


Effective team membership and team leadership.

Successfully completing this Unit will contribute to the recognition of attainment of the following graduate attributes aligned to the AQF Level 7 criteria, Engineers Australia Stage 1 Competency Standards for Engineering Technologists and the Sydney Accord:


Graduate Attributes

(Knowledge, Skills, Abilities, Professional and Personal Development)

EA Stage 1 Competencies

Learning Outcomes

A. Knowledge of Science and Engineering Fundamentals

A1. Breadth of knowledge of engineering and systematic, theory-based understanding of underlying principles, and depth of knowledge across one or more engineering sub- disciplines


1.1, 1.3


1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6

A2. Knowledge of mathematical, statistical and computer sciences appropriate for engineering technology




1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6

A3. Discernment of knowledge development within the technology domain


1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6

A4. Knowledge of engineering design practice and contextual factors impacting the technology domain




4, 5, 6

B. Problem Solving, Critical Analysis and Judgement

B1. Ability to research, synthesise, evaluate and innovatively apply theoretical concepts, knowledge and approaches across diverse engineering technology contexts to effectively solve engineering problems


1.4, 2.1, 2.3


1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6

B2. Technical and project management skills to design complex systems and solutions in line with developments in engineering technology professional practice


2.1, 2.2, 2.3, 3.2


4, 5, 6

C. Effective Communication

C1. Cognitive and technical skills to investigate, analyse and organise information and ideas and to communicate those ideas clearly and fluently, in both written and spoken forms appropriate to the audience




1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7

C2. Ability to engage effectively and appropriately across a diverse range of cultures



D. Design and Project Management

D1. Apply systematic synthesis and design processes within the technology domain

2.1, 2.2, 2.3

4, 5, 6

D2. Apply systematic approaches to the conduct and management of projects within the technology domain





E. Accountability, Professional and Ethical Conduct

E1. Innovation in applying engineering technology, having regard to ethics and impacts including economic; social; environmental and sustainability


1.6, 3.1, 3.4


4, 5, 6, 7

E2. Professional conduct, understanding and accountability in professional practice across diverse circumstances including team work, leadership and independent work


3.3, 3.4, 3.5, 3.6


4, 5, 6, 7

Unit Competency and Learning Outcome Map

This table details the mapping of the unit graduate attributes to the unit learning outcomes and the Australian Engineering Stage 1 Competency Standards for the Engineering Technologist.




Graduate Attributes














Engineers Australia Stage 1 Competency Standards for Engineering Technologist

























































































































































































Unit Learning Outcomes










































Student assessment

Assessment Type

When assessed

Weighting (% of total unit marks)

Learning Outcomes Assessed


Assessment 1

Type: Multi-choice test / Group work / Short answer questions / Practical / Remote Lab / Simulation

Example Topic: Behaviour of Real Fluids; Flow in Pipes and Enclosed Conduits.

Students may complete a quiz with MCQ type answers and solve some simple equations to demonstrate a good understanding of the fundamental concepts


Week 3




1, 2


Assessment 2

Type: Multi-choice test / Group work / Short answer questions / Practical / Remote Lab / Simulation

Example Topic: Open Channel Flow; Pressure surge in pipelines.

Students may provide solutions to simple problems on the listed topics


Week 7




2, 3, 4


Assessment 3

Type: Multi-choice test / Group work / Short answer questions / Practical / Remote Lab / Simulation / Project

/ Report

Example Topic: Hydraulic machines.

Practical using software simulations such as Pipeflow, or FluidSim.

Students may complete a quiz with MCQ type answers or solve some simple problems or using software to complete a practical.


Week 9






Assessment 4

Type: Examination Example Topic: All topics

An examination with a mix of detailed report type questions and/or simple numerical problems to be completed in 3 hours


Final Week




1 to 6


Attendance / Tutorial Participation

Example: Presentation, discussion, group work, exercises, self-assessment/reflection, case study analysis, application.



1 to 7

Prescribed and recommended readings


Required textbook(s)

Chadwick, AJ, Morfett, JC & Borthwick, M 2013, Hydraulics in Civil and Environmental Engineering, 5th Edition, Spon Press, London.


Reference Materials

Hamill, L 2011, Understanding Hydraulics, 3rd Edition, Palgrave Macmillan, Basingstoke, Hampshire, UK.

Nalluri, C, Featherstone, RE & Marriott, M 2009, Nalluri & Featherstone's ‘Civil Engineering Hydraulics: Essential Theory with Worked Examples’, 5th Edition, Wiley Blackwell, Oxford.


Unit Content:

One topic is delivered per contact week, with the exception of part-time 24-week units, where one topic is delivered every two weeks.


Topics 1 & 2

Behaviour of Real Fluids

  • Real and ideal fluids

  • Viscous flow

  • The stability of laminar flows and the onset of turbulence

  • Shearing action in turbulent flows

  • The boundary layer

  • Some implications of the boundary layer concept

  • The conversation equations for laminar and turbulent flows

  • Cavitation

  • Surface tension effects

    Topics 3 & 4

    Flow in Pipes and Enclosed Conduits

  • Introduction

  • The historical context

  • Fundamental; concepts of pipe flow

  • Laminar flow

  • Turbulent flow

  • Local head losses

  • Partially full pipes


    Topics 5 & 6

    Open Channel Flow

  • Flow with a free surface

  • Flow calcification

  • Natural and artificial channels and their properties

  • Velocity distributions, energy and momentum coefficients

  • Laminar and turbulent flew

  • Uniform flow

  • Rapidly varied flow: the use of energy principles

  • Rapidly varied flow: the use of momentum principles

  • Critical depth meters


    Topics 7 & 8

    Pressure surge in pipelines

  • Introduction

  • Effect of ‘rapid’ valve closure

  • Unsteady compressible flow

  • Analysis of more complex problems

  • The method of characteristics

    Topics 9 & 10

    Hydraulic machines

  • Classifications of machines

  • Continuous flow pumps

  • Performance data for continues flow pumps

  • Pump selection

  • Hydro-power turbines

  • Turbine selection

  • Cavitation in hydraulic machines


    Topic 11

    Dimensional analysis and the theory of physical models

  • Introduction

  • The idea of ‘similarity’

  • Dimensional homogeneity and its implications

  • Dimensional analysis

  • Dimensional analysis involving more variables

  • Applications of dynamics similarity

  • Hydraulic models


Topic 12

Unit Review

In the final week, students will have an opportunity to review the contents covered so far. Opportunity will be provided for a review of students’ work and to clarify any outstanding issues.