FIRE AND GAS SYSTEMS
Graduate Diploma of Engineering (Electrical and Instrumentation in Oil and Gas)
Duration: 1 year
Master of Engineering (Electrical and Instrumentation in Oil and Gas) Duration: 2 years
Grad Dip total course credit points = 24 (3 credits x 8 (units))
Masters total course credit points = 48
(12 credits (Thesis) + 3 credits x 12 (units))
Mode of Delivery
Combination of modes: Online synchronous lectures; asynchronous discussion groups, videos, remote and cloud-based labs (simulations); web and video conferencing tutorials. High emphasis on personal and group self-study.
Delivery/ Contact Hours per week
Student workload including “contact hours” = 10 hours per week: Lecture 1 hour
Tutorial Lecture 1 hours
Practical / Lab 1 hour (where relevant) Personal Study recommended - 7 hours
Students will be provided with Blackboard Collaborate (or similar) for video and web conferencing. This will allow them to attend lectures, interact with lecturers and fellow students, and use the Remote Lab facility. Students will be required to download the latest version of Java and .NET in order to use these packages.
For ease of communicating with peers and lecturers, installation of this package is recommended.
It is recommended that students install at least a 2007 version of the Microsoft Office. Older versions will work, but sometimes create issues with file compatibility. If individuals are reluctant to use these, they can also use Open Office (www.openoffice.org).
As students are co-operating with people from throughout the world with a multitude of different PCs, it is recommended that they have good quality up-to-date virus detection software installed. The free version of AVG is sufficient. A thorough automated scan of computers at least once a week is recommended.
EIT uses a state-of-the-art learning management system (Moodle) for lecturing and interacting with lecturers and fellow students. Students can chat, socialize, and collaborate on projects with similarly motivated and enthusiastic course participants.
Computing resource requirements
Students’ computers should have an Intel Core Duo CPU and 2 Gigabytes of RAM. Hard disk space available should be at least 2 Gigabytes free. If necessary the built-in hard drive can be augmented with an inexpensive USB drive. No particular special graphics card is required. The operating system should be Windows with Windows 7 Service Pack 1 as a minimum.
An ADSL Internet connection with a minimum speed of 128 kbps down and 64 kbps up is recommended.
Students will require a good quality stereo headset with analogue or USB connectors. In addition, a low-cost USB webcam is recommended. Students should budget in the order of
$30 for a headset and $20 for a webcam. This will vary from country to country.
For difficulties with other online materials the lecturer should be contacted. Technical material will be accessible 24/7 through the online portal.
This unit provides depth of practical understanding of the principles, design, configuration, testing, installation, commissioning and maintenance of fire and gas systems in the context of the oil and gas industry.
The underlying principles of fire and gas system requirements (detector selection and interfacing, system design, operator interface(s), alarm and suppression systems, including status and alarm notification, fire fighting, HVAC control, equipment isolation, packaged equipment, cabling, power, earthing and environmental control.) will provide the student with an understanding of how to systematically identify and apply these principles to fire and gas system design based on commercially available products. Practical aspects of overall project development and the impact on fire and gas system design development will be addressed as will system operation and maintenance.
On successful completion of this Unit, students are expected to be able to:
Identify and apply principles of fire and gas system engineering to onshore and offshore Oil & Gas facilities.
Evaluate and apply disciplined and practical engineering processes to enhance the lifecycle performance of fire and gas systems.
Analyse and evaluate engineering practices on fire and gas related hazards, safety requirements and design development.
Recommend and apply principles for incorporating design information into the system design and development.
Completing this unit may add to students professional development/competencies by:
Foster the personal and professional skills development of students to:
Be adaptable and capable 21st century citizens, who can communicate effectively, work collaboratively, think critically and innovatively solve complex problems.
Equipping individuals with an increased capacity for lifelong learning and professional development.
Planning and organising self and others
Instilling leadership qualities and a capacity for ethical and professional contextualization of knowledge
Enhancing students’ investigatory and research capabilities through:
Solving complex and open-ended engineering problems
Accessing, evaluating and analysing information
Processes and procedures, cause – effect investigations
Developing the engineering application abilities of students through:
Labs / practical / case studies / self-study (where applicable)
Successfully completing this Unit will contribute to the recognition of attainment of the following graduate attributes.
A. Effective Communication
Learning Outcomes (Refer to 2.2)
A1. Cognitive and technical skills to investigate, analyse and organise information and ideas and to communicate those ideas clearly and fluently, in both written and spoken forms appropriate to the audience.
A2. Ability to engage effectively and appropriately across a diverse range of international cultures.
B. Critical Judgement
B1. Ability to critically analyse and evaluate complex information and theoretical concepts.
B2. Ability to innovatively apply theoretical concepts, knowledge and approaches with a high level of accountability, in an engineering context.
C. Design and Problem Solving Skills
C1. Cognitive skills to synthesise, evaluate and use information from a broad range of sources to effectively identify, formulate and solve engineering problems.
C2. Technical and communication skills to design complex systems and solutions in line with developments in engineering professional practice.
C3. Comprehension of the role of technology in society and identified issues in applying engineering technology ethics and impacts; economic; social; environmental and sustainability.
D. Science and Engineering Fundamentals
D1. Breadth and depth of knowledge of engineering and understanding of future developments.
D2. Knowledge of ethical standards in relation to professional engineering practice and research.
D3. Knowledge of international perspectives in engineering and ability to apply Australian and International Standards.
E. Information and Research Skills
E1. Application of advanced research and planning skills to engineering projects.
1, 4, 5, A, B
E2. Knowledge of research principles and methods in an engineering context.
1, 4, 5, B
(e.g. Assignment - 2000 word essay (specify topic) Examination (specify length and format))
When assessed (eg Week 5)
Weighting (% of total unit marks)
Learning Outcomes Assessed
Assessment 1 Type: Quiz Word length: n/a
Topic examples: Fundamental concepts of fire and gas system design, installation and maintenance
Type: Report (Midterm Project)
[This will include a progress report; literature review, hypothesis, and proposed solution with concept workings]
Word length: 1000
Topic examples: overall fire and gas system design development considerations
1, 2, 3, 4
Type: Report (Final Project)
[If a continuation of the midterm, this should complete the report by adding sections on: workings, implementation, results, verification/validation, conclusion/challenges and recommendations/future work. If this is a new report, all headings from the midterm and the final reports must be included.]
Word length: 4000
Topic examples: overall fire and system specification for an offshore production facility covering accommodation, process and utility plant and packaged equipment or as specified by the lecturer
1, 2, 3, 4, 5
May be in the form of quizzes, class tests, practical assessments, remote labs, simulation software or case studies: E.g. Fire and gas detector to logic solver interfacing 2/3 /4 wire detectors, EOL resistors, resetting, diagnostic alarms
D. P. Nolan, Handbook of Fire and Explosion Protection Engineering Principles: for Oil, Gas, Chemical and Related Facilities, 2011.
J. Duncan, Fire Protection Systems, 2nd Edition, American Society of Plumbing Engineers (ASPE) ISBN 978-1-891255-14-4. ELECTRONIC ISBN 978-1-61344-579-2
Y. J. Reddy, Industrial Process Automation Systems - Design and Implementation, 1st Edition, Elsevier, 2015. ISBN 978-0-12-800939-0
IEC 61508/ 61511 Functional Safety of Electrical / Electronic / Programmable Electronic Safety Related Systems
ISA TR84.00.07 Guidance on the Evaluation of Fire and Gas System Effectiveness, 2010, International Society for Automation (ISA)
EN 54 Fire detection and fire alarm systems
IEC 60079-29 (parts 1 & 4) Gas detectors
NFPA 20 Fire Pumps
Number of peer-reviewed journals and websites (advised during lectures) [some examples below]:
Fire Protection Engineering
Introduction to Fire and Gas Systems
Introduction to the purposes of fire and gas process control systems and their role in managing safe plant operations
History and development of fire and gas systems
Typical control system architectures and characteristic features used in the Oil & Gas industry
Current state of technology and key challenges
Legislative and Compliance Framework
Typical legislative requirements
Codes and standards including Certifying Authorities (Lloyds, DNV, ABS)
Safety critical elements and performance standards
Design, operation and maintenance considerations
Fire & Gas Hazard Management
Control of ignition sources
Application of functional safety management to Fire & Gas systems
Weeks 4 and 5
Fire & Gas Detection
Fire detection: smoke (ionisation, optical, beam, VESDA), fire (frangible bulb, fusible loop, point & rate of rise, UV/IR)
Gas detection: flammable (pellistor, infrared point, open path / line of sight, oil mist, ultrasonic, portable), toxic (carbon dioxide & monoxide, hydrogen sulphide)
Cabling, interfaces (2 / 3 / 4 wire, 4-20mA, Hart, RS485, addressable, EOL), fault detection, detector resetting and interface type testing
Commissioning, testing and calibration of fire and gas detectors
Specific Oil & Gas applications (eg galley, accommodation, turbine enclosure, safe by pressurisation area, machinery space, crane, wellhead, paint store, process equipment, laboratory, floating roof storage tank, LPG bullets)
Weeks 6 and 7
Fire Fighting and Related Systems
Passive fire protection
Active fire suppression: water (deluge, water mist), foam, gaseous fire suppression, chemical agents
Fire water systems, fire pumps, fire pumps controls, fire pump testing and maintenance
Fire dampers, fire doors
Fire alarms, local control and status panels (including package equipment, escape and evacuation, temporary refuge, muster points)
Specific Oil & Gas applications (as for detection)
Weeks 8 and 9
Fire and Gas Design Development
Hazard analysis, fire and gas philosophy (including energise to operate, voting and redundancy, combined FGS & ESD/PSD safety system), fire area layouts / zoning, cause and effects, CFD modelling, mapping and detector locations, installation drawings
SIL determination, SIL verification, performance standards, testing, lifecycle requirements
Environmental – ingress protection, hazardous area (normal operation and upset conditions), remote equipment rooms
Fire and gas system (detectors, logic solver, fire suppression, status and control panels) procurement process
V-model system development process
Project lifecycle, contracting strategies, evolution of design information and third party vendor data
Weeks 10 and 11
Fire and Gas System Development
Logic solver, power sizing criteria (including field devices in normal and upset conditions), power isolation in hazardous areas
Lifecycle requirements, user requirements, system functional specification (clear, concise, unambiguous, defined fault/failure modes), distributed architecture, packaged equipment, black start, graphical interface, operator panels (including status, fire pump and deluge controls), alarm management (including PA, sequence of events, inhibits and overrides), incident management support, project planning
System installation and commissioning
System operations and maintenance
Project and Revision
In the final weeks students will have an opportunity to review the contents covered so far. Opportunity will be provided for a review of student work and to clarify any outstanding issues. Instructors/facilitators may choose to cover a specialized topic if applicable to that cohort.