POWER ENGINEERING PRACTICE
Graduate Diploma of Engineering (Electrical and Instrumentation in Oil and Gas)
Duration: 1 year
Master of Engineering (Electrical and Instrumentation in Oil and Gas) Duration 2 years
Jim Russell and Akhtar Kalam
Grad Dip total course credit points = 24 (3 credits x 8 (units))
Masters total course credit points = 48
(12 credits (Thesis) + 3 credits x 12 (units))
Mode of Delivery
Combination of modes: Online synchronous lectures; asynchronous discussion groups, videos, remote and cloud-based labs (simulations); web and video conferencing tutorials. High emphasis on personal and group self-study.
Delivery/ Contact Hours per week
Student workload including “contact hours” = 10 hours per week: Lecture 1 hour
Tutorial Lecture 1 hours
Practical / Lab 1 hour (where relevant) Personal Study recommended - 7 hours
Students will be provided with Blackboard Collaborate (or similar) for video and web conferencing. This will allow them to attend lectures, interact with lecturers and fellow students, and use the Remote Lab facility. Students will be required to download the latest version of Java and .NET in order to use these packages.
For ease of communicating with peers and lecturers, installation of this package is recommended.
It is recommended that students install at least a 2007 version of the Microsoft Office. Older versions will work, but sometimes create issues with file compatibility. If individuals are reluctant to use these, they can also use Open Office (www.openoffice.org).
As students are co-operating with people from throughout the world with a multitude of different PCs, it is recommended that they have good quality up-to-date virus detection software installed. The free version of AVG is sufficient. A thorough automated scan of computers at least once a week is recommended.
EIT uses a state-of-the-art learning management system (Moodle) for lecturing and interacting with lecturers and fellow students. Students can chat, socialize, and collaborate on projects with similarly motivated and enthusiastic course participants.
Computing resource requirements
Students’ computers should have an Intel Core Duo CPU and 2 Gigabytes of RAM. Hard disk space available should be at least 2 Gigabytes free. If necessary the built-in hard drive can be augmented with an inexpensive USB drive. No particular special graphics card is required. The operating system should be Windows with Windows 7 Service Pack 1 as a minimum.
An ADSL Internet connection with a minimum speed of 128 kbps down and 64 kbps up is recommended.
Students will require a good quality stereo headset with analogue or USB connectors. In addition, a low-cost USB webcam is recommended. Students should budget in the order of
$30 for a headset and $20 for a webcam. This will vary from country to country.
For difficulties with other online materials the lecturer should be contacted. Technical material will be accessible 24/7 through the online portal.
This unit is concerned with the principles of Oil and Gas Facility Power Engineering.
Underlying principals and theory are addressed. This includes the complexities of Power Generation, Distribution, Lighting, Occupational, Health and Safety (OH&S) along with specific subjects such as Earthing, Black Start, Equipment Rooms, Load Shedding and Electrical Equipment in Hazardous Areas.
The unit addresses in a readily accessible format processes by which power is generated with special emphasis on alternative renewable energy generation sources such as solar, wind, biomass and fuel cells. This unit takes into account the many challenges faced due to excess power supply but with a decrease in demand. The unit addresses the global pressures on replacing fossil fuel plants to renewables and the need for cheap and affordable power.
On successful completion of this Unit, students are expected to be able to:
Understand and apply principles of Power System Engineering to Onshore and Offshore Oil and Gas facilities.
Apply disciplined and constructive engineering process to enhance power system and OH&S issues
Evaluate engineering practices and demonstrate in depth understanding of Electric Motors, Controls and Protection, Lighting and Small Power, Uninterruptable and Emergency Power Systems
Address power quality issues
Analyse and apply earthing principles for Onshore and Offshore Oil and Gas facilities
Apply Engineering practices for Electrical Equipment in Hazardous Areas
Completing this unit will add to students professional development/competencies by:
Fostering the personal and professional skills development of students to:
Be adaptable and capable 21st century citizens, who can communicate effectively, work collaboratively, think critically and innovatively solve complex problems.
Equipping individuals with an increased capacity for lifelong learning and professional development.
Planning and organising self and others
Instilling leadership qualities and a capacity for ethical and professional contextualization of knowledge
Enhancing students’ investigatory and research capabilities through:
Solving complex and open-ended engineering problems
Accessing, evaluating and analysing information
Processes and procedures, cause – effect investigations
Developing the engineering application abilities of students through:
Labs / practical / case studies / self-study (where applicable)
Successfully completing this Unit will contribute to the recognition of attainment of the following graduate attributes.
A. Effective Communication
Learning Outcomes (Refer to 2.2)
A1. Cognitive and technical skills to investigate, analyse and organise information and ideas and to communicate those ideas clearly and fluently, in both written and spoken forms appropriate to the audience.
4, 5, 6
A2. Ability to engage effectively and appropriately across a diverse range of international cultures.
B. Critical Judgement
B1. Ability to critically analyse and evaluate complex information and theoretical concepts.
1, 4, 5, B
B2. Ability to innovatively apply theoretical concepts, knowledge and approaches with a high level of accountability, in an engineering context.
C. Design and Problem Solving Skills
C1. Cognitive skills to synthesise, evaluate and use information from a broad range of sources to effectively identify, formulate and solve engineering problems.
C2. Technical and communication skills to design complex systems and solutions in line with developments in engineering professional practice.
1, 3, 4
C3. Comprehension of the role of technology in society and identified issues in applying engineering technology ethics and impacts; economic; social; environmental and sustainability.
D. Science and Engineering Fundamentals
D1. Breadth and depth of knowledge of engineering and understanding of future developments.
1, 2, 4, B
D2. Knowledge of ethical standards in relation to professional engineering practice and research.
D3. Knowledge of international perspectives in engineering and ability to apply Australian and International Standards.
E. Information and Research Skills
E1. Application of advanced research and planning skills to engineering projects.
4, 5, A, B
E2. Knowledge of research principles and methods in an engineering context.
4, 6, B
(e.g. Assignment - 2000 word essay (specify topic) Examination (specify length and format))
When assessed (eg Week 5)
Weighting (% of total unit marks)
Learning Outcomes Assessed
Assessment 1 Type: Quiz Word length: n/a
Topic examples: Basic Electrical Circuits
1, 2, 3
Type: Report (Midterm Project)
[This will include a progress report; literature review, hypothesis, and proposed solution with concept workings]
Word length: 2000
Topic examples: Describe how it would be economically feasible for a staffed offshore platform to be powered by non-combustion generated power.
2, 3, 4
Type: Report (Final Project)
[A complete report with sections on: literature review, hypothesis, proposal, concept workings, implementation, results, verification/validation, conclusion/challenges and recommendations/future work.]
Word length: 4000
Topic examples: Waste disposal and management of hazardous electrical and electronic equipment OR Describe and justify scenarios where a central generation system and inter-platform distribution system (a grid) would be justified for a multi-platform offshore system OR What is a specific piece of knowledge you have learned that requires special modification to be applied to a research station in Antarctica, and why?
1, 2, 3, 4, 5,
May be in the form of quizzes, class tests, practical assessments, remote labs, simulation software or case studies: E.g. Review a recent revenue application, interested party submissions, consultant reports and the Australian Energy Regulator’s final determination for a network company and write down the key issues raised. As part of the review, consider the service performance incentive scheme, efficiency benefit sharing schemes, the negotiation framework, and the pricing methodology.
Newnes Electrical Power Engineer's Handbook (2nd Edition) (ISBN 978-0-7506-6268-0) OR
Agrawal, K.C. Industrial Power Engineering Handbook (ISBN 978-0-7506-7351-8)
Power Engineering Journal; IEEE Power and Energy Magazine; IEEE Transactions on Power Systems; International Journal of Electrical Power & Energy Systems. These are peer- reviewed journals. Other relevant peer-reviewed journals will be advised.
IDC notes and Reference texts as advised.
A. Kalam and D.P. Kothari, Power System Protection and Communications, New Age International (P) Ltd Publishers, 2010 (ISBN 978-81-224-2741-7)
N. Mohan, et al., Power Electronics - Converters, Applications, and Design, 1st ed, John Wiley & Sons, 2003
H. Devold, Oil and gas production handbook: An introduction to oil and gas production, transport, refining and petrochemical industry, ABB, 2013. (ISBN 978-82-997886-3-2)
Other material advised during the lectures
Weeks 1 and 2
Generation Fundamentals, Alternatives and its Distribution
Fundamentals of Power Engineering for Onshore Refineries, Onshore Oil and Gas Processing Plant Offshore Facilities (Platforms, Subsea and Floating Production & Operating Facilities (FPSO). “On-grid” and “off-grid”. On-grid means the facility will have a grid as back-up, with the ability to start-up, a source of income due to generation, etc. Off-grid means the facility must be in perpetual island mode, with the need to do their own synchronisation, and black start. Some offshore facilities will be on-grid, and some onshore facilities will be off-grid. FPSOs are a little bit of a cross-over, because when they steam into port/dry-dock, they change from off-grid to on-grid.
Electricity Supply Basics and Theory, DC and AC Power, Single and Three Phase Power, Electrical Laws, AC Network Analysis, DC Analysis, Laplace Transform, Frequency Response, Capacitors, Inductors, Resistive Circuits, Phasors Algebra, Power System Transients, highlighting different frequencies and voltages around the world?
Thermal Power Generation, Gas Turbine Generators, Diesel engine generators, Subsea Cable Power Supply.
Alternatives - Solar, wind and Ocean & Tidal wave generation, Fuel Cells (SCADA, CP etc.)
HV/MV/LV Power Transmission and Distribution Onshore and Offshore, Transformers, Electrical Networks and Switchgear.
Motor Control Centres (MCC) and Equipment Rooms.
OH&S - Personal Safety, Electrical Hazards, Arc Flash, Working on HV Systems, Safety Locks, Permits, Labelling and Safety Equipment.
HV/MV/LV Electrical Cables, impact on data cables, which are generally millivolt or microvolt
Loads and Utility Ancillary Services
other discipline involvement such as mechanical engineering interfaces with turbo-machinery
Weeks 3 and 4
Electric Motors, Controls and Protection, Lighting and Small Power
Introduction to AC Rotating Machines and Systems
Principles of Electromechanical Energy Conversion; energy efficiency and associated economics
Fundamentals of Electrical AC and DC Motors
Control Circuits and Protection for Electrical Motors and Systems
Smart Electrical Control Centres
Variable Speed Drives
High Power Motors
Lighting – Fundamentals, Circuits, Energy Saving Lights, Emergency and Evacuation Lighting.
Small Power Circuits
Electronic Components for Power and Control
Weeks 5 and 6
Uninterruptable Power Supplies (UPS), Emergency Power Generators, Black Start Generators, Power Management and Energy Efficiency
UPS Requirements , Emergency Loads and Load Calculations, UPS Power Sources
Battery Types and Sizing Calculations, Charging and Maintenance.
Emergency Power Supply Switching
Diesel Powered Emergency Generators, Reliability and Testing Requirements,
Black Start Procedures and Requirements
Load Shedding / Management
Energy efficiency: What it is, what it provides.
Climate Change Strategies
Carbon Pollution Reduction - include waste heat recovery units (WHRUs) attached to the stacks of combustion devices that drive generators. This reduces carbon pollution by meaning a separate furnace is not needed, but impacts the performance of the generator and integrates with the process, making safety and general management more complex and interactive
Energy efficiency strategies.
Week 7 and 8
Power Quality, EMI, Earthing and Surge Protection
Introduction to Power Quality Formulations, Standards and Improvement of Power Quality
Harmonic Modelling of Induction Machines
Noise and Electromagnetic Interference (EMI) from electrical circuits
Principles of controlling noise and EMI in electrical and electronic circuits
Introduction to Earthing System Functions, TN/TT/IT Earthing Networks, Multiple Earthed Neutral (MEN) Link
Electric Shock and Risk
Soil Resistivity and Electrode Resistance Measurement
Electrode Resistance Calculation
Earthing of Offshore and Onshore Facilities
Week 9 and 10
Electrical Equipment (Ex) in Hazardous Areas
The Nature of Fire and Explosion
Hazardous Area Classification and Responsibilities
Modifications to Plant
Electrical Equipment in Hazardous Areas Standards
Design and Manufacture of Ex Protected Equipment
Electrical Equipment for Hazardous Areas Explosion Protection Concepts, Equipment Protection Levels (EPLs)
Selection of Certified Equipment, ATEX, IEC Ex, proposed use of IEC 61010 as basis for global standardisation as per IECEE
Installation, Testing, Maintenance and Inspection of Ex Equipment in Hazardous Areas
Electrical Equipment in Hazardous Areas (EEHA) - Training and Competency
Hazardous Area Installations Verification Dossiers
The Use of Aluminium in Hazardous Areas
Manage mercury in areas that use aluminium
Waste disposal of hazardous electrical equipment
Future Electrical Technology Advances
Cathodic Protection Systems
Project and Revision
In the final weeks students will have an opportunity to review the contents covered so far. Opportunity will be provided for a review of student work and to clarify any outstanding issues. Instructors/facilitators may choose to cover a specialized topic if applicable to that cohort.