INTRODUCTION TO OIL AND GAS
Graduate Diploma of Engineering (Electrical and Instrumentation in Oil and Gas)
Duration: 1 year
Master of Engineering (Electrical and Instrumentation in Oil and Gas) Duration: 2 years
Grad Dip total course credit points = 24 (3 credits x 8 (units))
Masters total course credit points = 48
(12 credits (Thesis) + 3 credits x 12 (units))
Mode of Delivery
Combination of modes: Online synchronous lectures; asynchronous discussion groups, videos, remote and cloud-based labs (simulations); web and video conferencing tutorials. High emphasis on personal and group self-study.
Delivery/ Contact Hours per week
Student workload including “contact hours” = 10 hours per week: Lecture 1 hour
Tutorial Lecture 1 hours
Practical / Lab 1 hour (where relevant) Personal Study recommended - 7 hours
Resource Requirements Software
Web & Video conferencing software
Students will be provided with Blackboard Collaborate (or similar) for video and web conferencing. This will allow them to attend lectures, interact with lecturers and fellow students, and use the Remote Lab facility. Students will be required to download the latest version of Java and .NET in order to use these packages.
For ease of communicating with peers and lecturers, installation of this package is recommended.
Word, PowerPoint and Excel
It is recommended that students install at least a 2007 version of the Microsoft Office. Older versions will work, but sometimes create issues with file compatibility. If individuals are reluctant to use these, they can also use Open Office (www.openoffice.org).
As students are co-operating with people from throughout the world with a multitude of different PCs, it is recommended that they have good quality up-to-date virus detection software installed. The free version of AVG is sufficient. A thorough automated scan of computers at least once a week is recommended.
Learning Management System
EIT uses a state-of-the-art learning management system (Moodle) for lecturing and interacting with lecturers and fellow students. Students can chat, socialize, and collaborate on projects with similarly motivated and enthusiastic course participants.
Computing resource requirements
Students’ computers should have an Intel Core Duo CPU and 2 Gigabytes of RAM. Hard disk space available should be at least 2 Gigabytes free. If necessary the built-in hard drive can be augmented with an inexpensive USB drive. No particular special graphics card is required. The operating system should be Windows with Windows 7 Service Pack 1 as a minimum.
An ADSL Internet connection with a minimum speed of 128 kbps down and 64 kbps up is recommended.
Good quality headset and low cost web cam
Students will require a good quality stereo headset with analogue or USB connectors. In addition, a low-cost USB webcam is recommended. Students should budget in the order of
$30 for a headset and $20 for a webcam. This will vary from country to country.
For difficulties with other online materials the lecturer should be contacted. Technical material will be accessible 24/7 through the online portal.
Unit Description and General Aims
This course is designed to provide a comprehensive grounding in all aspects of the oil and gas industry. After a broad overview of the history and trends seen within the industry, it aims to familiarise students with the basics in petroleum geology before moving onto seismic and drilling fields of study.
Students are then introduced to the treatment and production of oil and gas covering various aspects of transportation, treatment and processing. This is followed by field development concepts and an introduction to subsea systems.
Students will be introduced to the basics of reservoir engineering practices and production technology. Lastly, risk management and petroleum economics with decommissioning topics are discussed. Students will be required to produce a variety of written technical reports and business proposals.
On successful completion of this Unit, students are expected to be able to:
Demonstrate theoretical knowledge and subject matter understanding in the field of oil and gas.
Have an understanding of the different facets of petroleum formation along with the geological and commercial factors necessary for successful exploration and appraisal.
Analysis of seismic surveys & the equipment and processes involved in drilling engineering.
Evaluate the concepts of reservoir engineering and the science behind production and treatment of hydrocarbons.
An acute awareness of the processes involved in new field development including the economics that govern field development.
Evaluate end of field life & asset decommissioning and the processes involved.
Completing this unit will add to students professional development/competencies by:
Fostering the personal and professional skills development of students to:
Be adaptable and capable 21st century citizens, who can communicate effectively, work collaboratively, think critically and innovatively solve complex problems.
Equipping individuals with an increased capacity for lifelong learning and professional development.
Planning and organising self and others
Instilling leadership qualities and a capacity for ethical and professional contextualization of knowledge
Enhancing students’ investigatory and research capabilities through:
Solving complex and open-ended engineering problems
Accessing, evaluating and analysing information
Processes and procedures, cause – effect investigations
Developing the engineering application abilities of students through:
Labs / practical / case studies / self-study (where applicable)
Successfully completing this Unit will contribute to the recognition of attainment of the following graduate attributes.
A. Effective Communication
Learning Outcomes (Refer to 2.2)
A1. Cognitive and technical skills to investigate, analyse and organise information and ideas and to communicate those ideas clearly and fluently, in both written and spoken forms appropriate to the audience.
A2. Ability to engage effectively and appropriately across a diverse range of international cultures.
B. Critical Judgement
B1. Ability to critically analyse and evaluate complex information and theoretical concepts.
B2. Ability to innovatively apply theoretical concepts, knowledge and approaches with a high level of accountability, in an engineering context.
3, 4, 5, A
C. Design and Problem Solving Skills
C1. Cognitive skills to synthesise, evaluate and use information from a broad range of sources to effectively identify, formulate and solve engineering problems.
C2. Technical and communication skills to design complex systems and solutions in line with developments in engineering professional practice.
1, 2, 5
C3. Comprehension of the role of technology in society and identified issues in applying engineering technology ethics and impacts; economic; social; environmental and sustainability.
5, 6, A
D. Science and Engineering Fundamentals
D1. Breadth and depth of knowledge of engineering and understanding of future developments.
2, 3, 6, B
D2. Knowledge of ethical standards in relation to professional engineering practice and research.
2, 5, A
D3. Knowledge of international perspectives in engineering and ability to apply Australian and International Standards.
5, B, C
E. Information and Research Skills
E1. Application of advanced research and planning skills to engineering projects.
E2. Knowledge of research principles and methods in an engineering context.
(e.g. Assignment - 2000 word essay (specify topic) Examination (specify length and format))
When assessed (eg Week 5)
Weighting (% of total unit marks)
Learning Outcomes Assessed
Assessment 1 Type: Quiz Word length: n/a
Topic examples: Oil and Gas History and trends, Petroleum geology, and exploration, appraisal, seismic and drilling.
1, 2, 3
Type: Report (Midterm Project)
[This will include a progress report; literature review, hypothesis, and methodology / conclusions]
Word length: 1500
Topic examples: Literature review on Shallow/deep water developments looking at Extraction and processing, as well as treatment of hydrocarbons.
Type: Report (Final Project)
[If a continuation of the midterm, this should complete the report by adding sections on: methodology, implementation / evaluation, verification / validation, conclusion / challenges and recommendations / future work. If this is a new report, all headings from the midterm and the final reports must be included.]
Word length: 2000
Topic examples: Report on new field development, end of field life and asset decommissioning.
May be in the form of quizzes, class tests, practical assessments, remote labs, simulation software or case studies: E.g. Well sizing, Simulation or Case study
Prescribed and recommended readings
Ahmed, T. H. (2001). Reservoir engineering handbook (2nd ed.). Boston: Gulf Professional Pub. (ISBN 0-88415-770-9) – available on Knovel.
Bai, Y., & Bai, Q. (2012). Subsea engineering handbook. Burlington, MA: Gulf Professional Pub. (ISBN 978-0-12-397804-2)
Gorman, D. G., Neilson, J. (2012). Decommissioning offshore structures. S.l.: Springer. (ISBN 978144-71-15540)
Blyth, F. G., Freitas, M. H., & De, F. M. (1984). A geology for engineers. 7.ed. Victoria, Arnold, 1984. (ISBN 978-0-7131-2882-6)
Kerlin, Thomas W.. (2013). Future Energy - Opportunities and Challenges. ISA. (ISBN 978-1- 937560-28-7)
Speight, J. G. (2007). Natural gas: A basic handbook. Houston, TX: Gulf Pub. Co. (ISBN 1- 933762-14-4)
Tiab, Djebbar Donaldson, Erle C.. (2004). Petrophysics - Theory and Practice of Measuring Reservoir Rock and Fluid Transport Properties (2nd Edition). Elsevier. (ISBN 978-0-0805- 9765-5)
Number of journals and websites (advised during lectures)
IDC / EIT notes and Reference texts as advised.
Other material advised during the lectures
History & Trends
History of the industry
Economic growth, industrialisation and energy usage
150 years of oil supply and demand
The market control question, price and OPEC
The current balance and impact factors Industry trends
Increasing reserves in producing fields - raising the recovery rate through Enhanced Oil Recovery (EOR)
Increasing reserves through frontier exploration – into the Arctic and deepwater in Brazil and Africa
Increasing reserves thorough unconventional production – the shale revolution, coal bed methane, coal-to-liquid and gas-to-liquid conversion and other unconventionals
The changing face of gas – from fixed pipelines to fluid LNG markets
The "crew change" – the human resource challenge of baby boomer retirement and the outflow of expertise
World energy supply and demand
Oil and gas supply and demand
Classification of reserves
Oil pricing and market issues
Non-conventional oil, gas and renewables
Petroleum geology – the origins of hydrocarbons
Introduction to petroleum geology
The formation & types of hydrocarbons
Defining the size of the reserves
Oil and Gas reservoirs
Seismic and drilling
Exploration and appraisal
Geological and commercial factors necessary for successful exploration and appraisal
Present drilling rigs
Equipment and processes involved in drilling a well
Well Completion and preparation for production
Blow out prevention
Well stimulation - fracturing, acidising and sand control
Weeks 4 to 6
Extraction and processing
Production of reservoir fluids
Aspects of well and facilities design
Onshore and offshore production
Oil processing configuration
Sour Gas Processing
Week 7 to 8
Field Development & Subsea Systems
Land based developments
Shallow/deep water developments
Field life and Enhanced Oil Recovery Methods
Flow assurance and gathering
Key areas in Production Technology
Reservoir production concepts
Supplementing reservoir energy
Performance of flowing wells
Field development decision-making
Key economic indicators and their uses
Possible decommissioning solutions
Scope of decommissioning obligations
Project and Revision
In the final week students will have an opportunity to review the contents covered so far. Opportunity will be provided for a review of student work and to clarify any outstanding issues. Instructors/facilitators may choose to cover a specialized topic if applicable to that cohort.