Unit Name

SUBSTATION AUTOMATION

Unit Code

MEE505

Unit Duration

12 weeks

Award

Graduate Diploma of Engineering (Electrical Systems) Duration: 1 year

Master of Engineering (Electrical Systems) Duration: 2 years

Year Level

One

Unit Creator/Reviewer

Deon Reynders

Core/Elective

Core

Pre/Co-requisites

Nil

Credit Points

3

Grad Dip total course credit points = 24 (3 credits x 8 (units))

Masters total course credit points = 48

(3 credits x 12 (units) + 12 credits (Thesis))

Mode of Delivery

On-Campus or Online

Unit Workload

10 hours per week: Lecture - 1 hour

Tutorial Lecture - 1 hours

Practical / Lab - 1 hour (where applicable)

Personal Study recommended - 7 hours (guided and unguided)

Unit Description and General Aims

Older (‘legacy’) substation automation protocols and hardware/software architectures provided basic functionality for power system automation, and were designed to accommodate the technical limitations of the technologies available at the time. However, in recent years there have been vast improvements in technology, especially on the networking side. This has opened the door for dramatic improvements in the approach to power system automation in substations. The latest developments in networking such as high-speed, deterministic, redundant Ethernet, as well as other technologies including TCP/IP, high- speed Wide Area Networks and high-performance embedded processors, are providing capabilities that could hardly be imagined when most legacy substation automation protocols were designed.

The unit aims to cover important international standards (IEC 61850) for substation automation, which will contribute to students' understanding of the significant impact on how electric power systems are designed and built for the future. having a significant. The model driven approach of IEC 61850 is an innovative approach and requires a new way of thinking about substation automation. This will result in significant improvements in the costs and performance of electric power systems.

Substation Automation (or Data Communications for Substation Automation), including the protocols such as DNP3, IEC 61850, and IEC 60870-5-101/103 as well as the use of LANs/WANs for real-time communication in power distribution systems (both inside substations and between them) will be discussed. IEC 61850 alone is very complex and is a ‘hot topic in the Power Industry today.

Learning Outcomes

On successful completion of this Unit, students are expected to be able to:

  1. Define the details and functions of Substation Automation

    Bloom’s Level 5

  2. Understand the various Substation Automation Structures

    Bloom’s Level 5

  3. Identify and utilise the Substation Automation Architectures

    Bloom’s Level 5

  4. Apply the characteristics of Asset Management Support

    Bloom’s Level 5

  5. Discuss and understand the New Roles for Substation Automation

    Bloom’s Level 5

  6. Describe and implement Wide Area Protection

    Bloom’s Level 5

  7. Understand, identify and apply IEC 61850

Bloom’s Level 5

Bloom’s Taxonomy

The cognitive domain levels of Bloom’s Taxonomy:

Bloom’s

Level

Bloom’s

Category

Description

1

Knowledge

Recall, define and list facts, concepts, methods, terminologies, theories and structures.

2

Comprehension

Demonstrate understanding by comparing, organizing, describing, translating, interpreting, paraphrasing, explaining and distinguishing.

3

Application

Use knowledge to solve problems, identify connections and show relationships, in context.

4

Analysis

Examine information, breakdown a problem, determine relationships and causes, make inferences, classify and infer from evidence.

5

Synthesis

Produce a pattern from relationships, propose operations, formulate a design,

compose a hypothesis, reassemble information, construct, plan, invent, predict and create.

6

Evaluation

Make judgements based on evidence and external criteria, determine best practice, optimise, validate ideas, judge and critique, assess, valuate and

make recommendations.

Engineers Australia

The Australian Engineering Stage 1 Competency Standards for the Professional Engineer, approved as of 2013. This table is referenced in the mapping of graduate attributes to learning outcomes and via the learning outcomes to student assessment.

Stage 1 Competencies and Elements of Competency

1.

Knowledge and Skill Base

1.1

Comprehensive, theory based understanding of the underpinning natural and physical sciences and the engineering fundamentals applicable to the engineering discipline.

1.2

Conceptual understanding of the mathematics, numerical analysis, statistics, and computer and information sciences which underpin the engineering discipline.

1.3

In-depth understanding of specialist bodies of knowledge within the engineering discipline.

1.4

Discernment of knowledge development and research directions within the engineering discipline.

1.5

Knowledge of engineering design practice and contextual factors impacting the engineering discipline.

1.6

Understanding of the scope, principles, norms, accountabilities and bounds of sustainable engineering practice in the specific discipline.

2.

Engineering Application Ability

2.1

Application of established engineering methods to complex engineering problem solving.

2.2

Fluent application of engineering techniques, tools and resources.

2.3

Application of systematic engineering synthesis and design processes.

2.4

Application of systematic approaches to the conduct and management of engineering projects.

3.

Professional and Personal Attributes

3.1

Ethical conduct and professional accountability.

3.2

Effective oral and written communication in professional and lay domains.

3.3

Creative, innovative and pro-active demeanour.

3.4

Professional use and management of information.

3.5

Orderly management of self, and professional conduct.

3.6

Effective team membership and team leadership.

Graduate Attributes

Successfully completing this Unit will contribute to the recognition of attainment of the following graduate attributes aligned to the AQF Level 9 criteria, Engineers Australia Stage 1 Competency Standards for the Professional Engineer and the Washington Accord and the Program Level Outcomes (PLO):

Graduate Attributes / Program Level Outcomes (Knowledge, Skills, Abilities, Professional and Personal Development)

EA Stage 1 Competencies

Learning Outcomes

A. Effective Communication (PLO 1)

A1. Cognitive and technical skills to investigate, analyse and organise information and ideas and to communicate those ideas clearly and fluently, in both written and spoken forms appropriate to the audience.

2.2, 3.2

1, 6, 7

A2. Ability to professionally manage oneself, teams, information and projects and engage effectively and appropriately across a diverse range of international cultures in leadership, team and individual roles.

2.4, 3.2, 3.4,

3.5, 3.6

 

B. Critical Judgement (PLO 2)

B1. Ability to critically analyse and evaluate complex information and theoretical concepts.

1.1, 1.2, 1.3,

2.1

5, 6, 7

B2. Ability to creatively, proactively and innovatively apply theoretical concepts, knowledge and approaches with a high level of accountability, in an engineering context.

1.5, 2.1, 3.3,

3.4

4, 5, 6, 7

C. Design and Problem Solving Skills (PLO 3)

C1. Cognitive skills to synthesise, evaluate and use information from a broad range of sources to effectively identify, formulate and solve engineering problems.

1.5, 2.1, 2.3

2, 3, 4, 5

C2. Technical and communication skills to design complex systems and solutions in line with developments in engineering professional practice.

2.2, 2.3

5, 6, 7

C3. Comprehension of the role of technology in society and identified issues in applying engineering technology ethics and impacts; economic; social; environmental and sustainability.

1.5, 1.6, 3.1

 

D. Science and Engineering Fundamentals (PLO 4)

D1. Breadth and depth of mathematics, science, computer technology and specialist engineering knowledge and understanding of future developments.

1.1, 1.2, 1.3,

1.4

1, 2, 3, 4, 5

D2. Knowledge of ethical standards in relation to professional engineering

1.6, 3.1, 3.5

 

practice and research.

   

D3. Knowledge of international perspectives in engineering and ability to apply various national and International Standards.

1.5, 1.6, 2.4,

3.4

2, 5, 6, 7

E. Information and Research Skills (PLO 5)

E1. Application of advanced research and planning skills to engineering projects.

1.4, 2.4, 3.6

6, 7

E2. Knowledge of research principles and methods in an engineering context.

1.4, 1.6

5, 6, 7

Unit Content and Learning Outcomes to Program Level Outcomes (PLO) via Bloom’s Taxonomy Level

This table details the mapping of the unit content and unit learning outcomes to the PLOs and graduate attributes at the corresponding Bloom’s Taxonomy level, specified by the number in the table.

 

Integrated Specification /

Program Learning Outcomes

PLO 1

PLO 2

PLO 3

PLO 4

PLO 5

Unit Learning Outcomes

LO1

5

-

-

5

-

LO2

-

-

5

5

-

LO3

-

-

5

5

-

LO4

-

5

5

5

-

LO5

-

5

5

5

5

LO6

5

5

5

5

5

LO7

5

5

5

5

5

Unit Study

Assessments

5

5

5

5

5

Lectures/Tutorials

5

5

5

5

5

 

Max Bloom’s level

5

5

5

5

5

Total PLO coverage

5

6

8

9

5

Student assessment

Assessment Type

(e.g. Assignment - 2000 word essay (specify topic) Examination (specify length and format))

When assessed (eg Week 5)

Weighting (% of total unit marks)

Learning Outcomes Assessed

Assessment 1

Type: Multi-choice test / Group work / Short answer questions / Role Play / Self-Assessment / Presentation

Topic examples: Substation Automation basics, structure and architecture.

Week 5

20%

1, 2, 3

Assessment 2

Type: Report / Research / Paper / Case Study / Site Visit

/ Problem analysis / Project / Professional recommendation

Example: Report (Midterm Project)

[This will include a progress report; literature review, hypothesis, and methodology / conclusions]

Word length: 1000

Topic examples: Roles of substation automation

Week 8

25%

1, 2, 3, 4, 5

Assessment 3

Type: Report (Final Project)

[If a continuation of the midterm, this should complete the report by adding sections on: methodology, implementation / evaluation, verification / validation, conclusion / challenges and recommendations / future work. If this is a new report, all headings from the midterm and the final reports must be included.]

Word length: 2000

Topic examples: Continuation of midterm with WAP and modern substation automation (IEC61850).

Final Week

35%

1-7

Practical Participation

Type: May be in the form of quizzes, class tests, practical assessments, remote labs, simulation software or case studies

Example: Software packages on IEC61850

Continuous

15%

7

Attendance / Tutorial Participation

Example: Presentation, discussion, group work, exercises, self-assessment/reflection, case study analysis, application.

Continuous

5%

1-7

Prescribed and recommended readings

Required textbook(s)

  • A selection of IDC technical manuals are used as the core texts

    Reference Materials

  • IDC - IEC 61850 course outline

  • IDC / EIT notes and Reference texts as advised.

  • Other material advised during the lectures

Unit Content

Topics 1 and 2

Functions of Substation Automation

  1. Process Connection

  2. Operative Functions

  3. System Configuration and Maintenance Functions

  4. Communication Functions

  5. Functions Related to Network Operations

Topic 3

Substation Automation Structures

  1. Station Level

  2. Bay Level

  3. Process Level

Topics 4 and 5

Substation Automation Architectures

  1. Ethernet (Peer-to-Peer) Communication Within Substations

  2. TCP/IP and Related Issues

  3. Wide Area Network (WAN) Communication Issues

  4. Integration of Protection and Control Systems

  5. Allocation of Functions

  6. Integration of Primary Equipment

Topic 6

Asset Management Support

  1. Business Goals

  2. Maintenance

  3. Power System Monitoring

  4. Management of Substation Automation

Topic 7

New Roles for Substation Automation

  1. The Impact of Deregulation in the Power Supply Industry

  2. The Motivation for Modernizing Substations

  3. Policies for Substation Refurbishment

  4. Business-related Impact of Substation Automation

Topics 8 and 9

Wide Area Protection

  1. The Role of Wide Area Protection Systems(WAPS)

  2. Achievements with WAPS on Power Systems

  3. Power System Phenomena and Related WAPS Solutions

  4. Classification of WAPS

  5. Specific WAPS Implementations

  6. Voltage Stability Assessment Guidelines

  7. On-line VSA Execution Modes and Used Guidelines

  8. The Implementation of Wide Area Protection

Topics 10 and 11

IEC 61850

  1. IEC 61850 vs. the OSI Model

  2. Scope and Outline of IEC 61850

  3. IEC 61850 Substation Architecture

  4. Data Modelling Approach

  5. Communication Profiles

  6. Mapping of IEC 61850 to Communication Profiles

  7. Configuration

  8. Conformance and Testing

Topic 12

Project and Revision

In the final week students will have an opportunity to review the contents covered so far. Opportunity will be provided for a review of student work, to clarify any outstanding issues, and to work on finalising the major assessment report.