Engineering Institute of Technology


Unit Name


Unit Code



Unit Duration



Bachelor of Science (Engineering)


Duration 3 years

Year Level


Unit Creator/Reviewer






Credit Points



Total Program Credit Points 81 (27 x 3)

Mode of Delivery

Online or on-campus.

Unit Workload

(Total student workload including “contact hours” = 10 hours per week)

Pre-recordings / Lecture – 1.5 hours Tutorial – 1.5 hours

Guided labs / Group work / Assessments – 2 hours

Personal Study recommended - 5 hours

Unit Description and General Aims


The objective in presenting this unit is to provide students with the fundamentals of design concepts including: material selection; stress equations; loading types; failure theories; design methodologies based on strength and stiffness; and, design for different load conditions. Students will also be familiarized with various design codes and standards.


Additionally, the subject matter covered in this unit will include: the background of basic dimensioning and visualization principles in engineering drawings; free hand sketching and drawing of basic geometrical constructions; and, an introduction to Computer Aided Drafting (CAD) packages and their applications, including a demonstration of their use. Students will also be instructed on developing their ability to visualize and communicate three-dimensional shapes, draw orthographic, and isometric projections and create 2D and 3D models using CAD.


Learning Outcomes


On successful completion of this Unit, students are expected to be able to:

  1. Evaluate the basic principles and methodologies in engineering design.

  2. Develop an understanding of basic drawing concepts such as size, layout, dimensioning, scales, and visualisation.

  3. Perform free hand sketching.

  4. Draw basic geometrical constructions and engineering curves.

  5. Create orthographic projection of points, lines, and plane surfaces.

  6. Using CAD, complete projection of solids and development of surfaces and create 2D and 3D models.

  7. Convert isometric projection to orthographic projection.


Professional Development

Completing this unit may add to students professional development/competencies by:

  1. Fostering personal and professional skills and attributes in order to:

    1. Conduct work in a professionally diligent, accountable and ethical manner.

    2. Effectively use oral and written communication in personal and professional domains.

    3. Foster applicable creative thinking, critical thinking and problem solving skills.

    4. Develop initiative and engagement in lifelong learning and professional development.

    5. Enhance collaboration outcomes and performance in dynamic team roles.

    6. Effectively plan, organise, self-manage and manage others.

    7. Professionally utilise and manage information.

    8. Enhance technologist literacy and apply contextualised technologist skills.

  2. Enhance investigatory and research capabilities in order to:

    1. Develop an understanding of systematic, fundamental scientific, mathematic principles, numerical analysis techniques and statistics applicable to technologists.

    2. Access, evaluate and analyse information on technologist processes, procedures, investigations and the discernment of technologist knowledge development.

    3. Foster an in-depth understanding of specialist bodies of knowledge, computer science, engineering design practice and contextual factors applicable to technologists.

    4. Solve basic and open-ended engineering technologist problems.

    5. Understand the scope, principles, norms, accountabilities and bounds associated with sustainable engineering practice.

  3. Develop engineering application abilities in order to:

    1. Apply established engineering methods to broadly-defined technologist problem solving.

    2. Apply engineering technologist techniques, tool and resources.

    3. Apply systematic technologist synthesis and design processes.

    4. Systematically conduct and manage technologist projects, work assignments, testing and experimentation.

Engineers Australia

The Australian Engineering Stage 1 Competency Standards for Engineering Technologists, approved as of 2013. This table is referenced in the mapping of graduate attributes to learning outcomes and via the learning outcomes to student assessment.

Stage 1 Competencies and Elements of Competency


Knowledge and Skill Base


Systematic, theory based understanding of the underpinning natural and physical sciences and the engineering fundamentals applicable to the technology domain.


Conceptual understanding of the, mathematics, numerical analysis, statistics, and computer and information sciences which underpin the technology domain.


In-depth understanding of specialist bodies of knowledge within the technology domain.


Discernment of knowledge development within the technology domain.


Knowledge of engineering design practice and contextual factors impacting the technology domain.


Understanding of the scope, principles, norms, accountabilities and bounds of sustainable engineering practice in the technology domain.


Engineering Application Ability


Application of established engineering methods to broadly-defined problem solving within the technology domain.


Application of engineering techniques, tools and resources within the technology domain.


Application of systematic synthesis and design processes within the technology domain.


Application of systematic approaches to the conduct and management of projects within the technology domain.


Professional and Personal Attributes


Ethical conduct and professional accountability.


Effective oral and written communication in professional and lay domains.


Creative, innovative and pro-active demeanour.


Professional use and management of information.


Orderly management of self and professional conduct.


Effective team membership and team leadership.

Graduate Attributes

Successfully completing this Unit will contribute to the recognition of attainment of the following graduate attributes aligned to the AQF Level 7 criteria, Engineers Australia Stage 1 Competency Standards for Engineering Technologists and the Sydney Accord:


Graduate Attributes

(Knowledge, Skills, Abilities, Professional and Personal Development)

EA Stage 1 Competencies

Learning Outcomes

A. Knowledge of Science and Engineering Fundamentals

A1. Breadth of knowledge of engineering and systematic, theory-based understanding of underlying principles, and depth of knowledge across one or more engineering sub- disciplines


1.1, 1.3


1, 4, 5, 6, 7

A2. Knowledge of mathematical, statistical and computer sciences appropriate for engineering technology




1, 2, 4

A3. Discernment of knowledge development within the technology domain


1, 4, 5, 6, 7

A4. Knowledge of engineering design practice and contextual factors impacting the technology domain





B. Problem Solving, Critical Analysis and Judgement

B1. Ability to research, synthesise, evaluate and innovatively apply theoretical concepts, knowledge and approaches across diverse engineering technology contexts to effectively solve engineering problems


1.4, 2.1, 2.3


B2. Technical and project management skills to design complex systems and solutions in line with developments in engineering technology professional practice


2.1, 2.2, 2.3, 3.2


C. Effective Communication

C1. Cognitive and technical skills to investigate, analyse and organise information and ideas and to communicate those ideas clearly and fluently, in both written and spoken forms appropriate to the audience





C2. Ability to engage effectively and appropriately across a diverse range of cultures



D. Design and Project Management

D1. Apply systematic synthesis and design processes within the technology domain

2.1, 2.2, 2.3


D2. Apply systematic approaches to the conduct and management of projects within the technology domain




E. Accountability, Professional and Ethical Conduct

E1. Innovation in applying engineering technology, having regard to ethics and impacts including economic; social; environmental and sustainability


1.6, 3.1, 3.4


E2. Professional conduct, understanding and accountability in professional practice across diverse circumstances including team work, leadership and independent work


3.3, 3.4, 3.5, 3.6


Unit Competency and Learning Outcome Map

This table details the mapping of the unit graduate attributes to the unit learning outcomes and the Australian Engineering Stage 1 Competency Standards for the Engineering Technologist.




Graduate Attributes














Engineers Australia Stage 1 Competency Standards for Engineering Technologist

























































































































































































Unit Learning Outcomes












































































Student assessment


Assessment Type

When assessed



(% of total unit marks)

Learning Outcomes Assessed


Assessment 1

Type: Multi-choice test / Group work / Short answer questions / Practical / Remote Lab / Simulation

Example Topic: Design principles and methodologies.

Students may complete a quiz with MCQ type answers and solve some simple equations to demonstrate a good understanding of the fundamental concepts.


Week 4






Assessment 2

Type: Multi-choice test / Group work / Short answer questions / Practical / Remote Lab / Simulation

Example Topic: Free hand sketching, simple geometrical constructions.


Students may provide solutions to simple problems on various topics


Week 6




3, 4


Assessment 3

Type: Multi-choice test / Group work / Short answer questions / Practical / Remote Lab / Simulation / Project

Example Topic: Projection of planes, solids.

Students may complete a quiz with MCQ type answers or solve some simple problems or using software to complete a practical using CAD.


Week 10




5, 6


Assessment 4

Type: Project

Example Topic: Isometric projection of objects

A project that culminates in presenting a design using isometric projection.


Final Week






Attendance / Tutorial Participation

Example: Presentation, discussion, group work, exercises, self-assessment/reflection, case study analysis, application.






1 to 7

Prescribed and recommended readings


Suggested Textbook

Shigley, JE, Mischke, CR 1988, Mechanical Engineering Design, 5th edn. McGraw Hill, ISBN- 13: 978-0070568990

Luzadder, WJ, Duff, JM 1992, Fundamentals of Engineering Drawing with an Introduction to Interactive Computer Graphics, 11th edn, Peachpit Press, ISBN-13: 978-0133350500.

To be confirmed by Lecturer.


Reference Materials

Norton, RL 2010, Machine Design: an Integrated Approach, 4th edn, Pearson Higher Ed USA, ISBN 13: 978-0131384385


Journal, website

Peer-reviewed journals and websites (advised during lectures)


Unit Content

One topic is delivered per contact week, with the exception of part-time 24-week units, where one topic is delivered every two weeks.


Topic 1

Introduction to Design

  1. Factors influencing machine design

  2. Selection of materials based on mechanical properties

  3. Preferred numbers, fits, and tolerances

  4. Direct, bending, and torsional stress equations

  5. Principal stresses


Topic 2

Loads, Failure Theories

  1. Impact and shock loading

  2. Eccentric loading

  3. Theories of failures

  4. Factor of Safety (FOS)

  5. Stress concentration


Topic 3

Design Methodologies, Codes and Standards

  1. Design based on strength and stiffness

  2. Design for fatigue strength

  3. Design for variable and repeated loadings

  4. Design for manufacturing

  5. Codes and standards


Topic 4

Basic Concepts in Engineering Drawings, Visualization concepts, and Free Hand sketching

  1. Drafting instruments

  2. Size, layout, lettering, dimensioning, scales

  3. Visualization principles

  4. Representation of three dimensional objects

  5. Layout of views

  6. Free hand sketching of multiple views from pictorial views of objects

  7. Introduction to CAD


Topic 5

Engineering Curves

  1. Basic geometrical constructions

  2. Conic sections – ellipse, parabola, hyperbola

  3. Cycloid curves - cycloid, epicycloids, hypocycloid, involutes, helix, spiral

  4. Construction of involutes of square and circle

  5. Drawing of tangents and normal to the above curves

  6. Drawing of curves using CAD


Topic 6

Introduction to Projection

  1. Principle of projection

  2. Method of projection

  3. Planes of projection

  4. Four quadrant, first and third angle projection

  5. Reference line

  6. Symbols for methods of projection

  7. Orthographic projection


Topic 7

Projection of Points and Lines

  1. Projection of points

  2. Projection of line parallel to one or both the planes

  3. Projection of line contained by one or both the planes

  4. Projection of line perpendicular to one of the planes

  5. Projection of line inclined to one plane and parallel to other

  6. Projection of line inclined to both the planes

  7. Determination of true length

  8. Creating simple figures like polygon and general multi-line figures using CAD

Topic 8

Projection of Planes

  1. Types of planes

  2. Projection of planes perpendicular to both the reference planes

  3. Projection of planes perpendicular to one plane and parallel to other plane

  4. Projection of planes perpendicular to one plane and inclined to the other plane

  5. Projection of planes inclined to both planes


Topic 9

Projection of Solids

  1. Types of solids

  2. Projection of solids like prisms, pyramids, cylinder, cone and truncated solids in simple position

  3. Projection of solids with axes inclined to one of the reference planes and parallel to the other

  4. Projection of solids with axes inclined to both reference planes

  5. Drawing of front view and top view of prisms, pyramids, cylinders, cones, etc using CAD


Topic 10

Projection of Sectioned Solids and Development of Surfaces

  1. Sectional planes

  2. Section of solids

  3. True shape of section

  4. Development of lateral surfaces of simple and sectioned solids – cubes, prisms, cylinders, pyramids, cones

  5. Drawing of sectional views of prisms, pyramids, cylinders, cones, etc using CAD

  6. Creating 3D models of simple objects

  7. Obtain 2D multi-view drawings from 3D model


Topic 11

Isometric Projection

  1. Principles

  2. Isometric axes, lines, and planes

  3. Isometric scale

  4. Isometric projection and isometric view

  5. Drawing isometric projection of simple objects using CAD

  6. Conversion from isometric to orthographic projection


Topic 12

Unit Review

In the final week students will also have an opportunity to review the contents covered so far. Opportunity will be provided for a review of student work and to clarify any outstanding issues. Instructors/facilitators may choose to cover a specialized topic if applicable to that cohort.

The Engineering Institute of Technology (EIT) is dedicated to ensuring our students receive a world-class education and gain skills they can immediately implement in the workplace upon graduation. Our staff members uphold our ethos of honesty and integrity, and we stand by our word because it is our bond. Our students are also expected to carry this attitude throughout their time at our institute, and into their careers.