Engineering Institute of Technology


Unit Name


Unit Code



Unit Duration



Bachelor of Science (Engineering)


Duration 3 years

Year Level


Unit Creator/Reviewer






Credit Points



Total Program Credit Points 81 (27 x 3)

Mode of Delivery

Online or on-campus.

Unit Workload

(Total student workload including “contact hours” = 10 hours per week)

Pre-recordings / Lecture – 1.5 hours Tutorial – 1.5 hours

Guided labs / Group work / Assessments – 2 hours

Personal Study recommended - 5 hours

Unit Description and General Aims

The objective in presenting this unit is to provide students with an in-depth study of the fundamentals of mechanics of materials and structures.


The subject matter covered in this unit will include: all relevant physical properties and fundamental laws governing the behaviour of materials and structures; the concepts of equilibrium and application of these to various structures; free body diagrams; forces, moments, and centres of mass; the forces of friction and rigid body dynamics; stress-strain analysis; shear force and bending moment diagrams; and, the effects of torsion.


Successful completion of this unit will serve as a key prerequisite for subjects involving mechanics of machines, and design of mechanical systems.


Learning Outcomes


On successful completion of this Unit, students are expected to be able to:

  1. Interpret and solve engineering problems based on the laws of mechanics and force and equilibrium concepts.

  2. Perform calculations related to mass moment of inertia.

  3. Evaluate forces of friction and the principles of rigid body dynamics.

  4. Perform stress-strain analysis and deformation calculations.

  5. Determine shear force, bending moment, and deflection in beams.

  6. Evaluate the effects of torsion in shafts and springs.

  7. Determine stresses in cylinders and spheres.

    Professional Development

    Completing this unit may add to students professional development/competencies by:

    1. Fostering personal and professional skills and attributes in order to:

      1. Conduct work in a professionally diligent, accountable and ethical manner.

      2. Effectively use oral and written communication in personal and professional domains.

      3. Foster applicable creative thinking, critical thinking and problem solving skills.

      4. Develop initiative and engagement in lifelong learning and professional development.

      5. Enhance collaboration outcomes and performance in dynamic team roles.

      6. Effectively plan, organise, self-manage and manage others.

      7. Professionally utilise and manage information.

      8. Enhance technologist literacy and apply contextualised technologist skills.

    2. Enhance investigatory and research capabilities in order to:

      1. Develop an understanding of systematic, fundamental scientific, mathematic principles, numerical analysis techniques and statistics applicable to technologists.

      2. Access, evaluate and analyse information on technologist processes, procedures, investigations and the discernment of technologist knowledge development.

      3. Foster an in-depth understanding of specialist bodies of knowledge, computer science, engineering design practice and contextual factors applicable to technologists.

      4. Solve basic and open-ended engineering technologist problems.

      5. Understand the scope, principles, norms, accountabilities and bounds associated with sustainable engineering practice.

    3. Develop engineering application abilities in order to:

      1. Apply established engineering methods to broadly-defined technologist problem solving.

      2. Apply engineering technologist techniques, tool and resources.

      3. Apply systematic technologist synthesis and design processes.

      4. Systematically conduct and manage technologist projects, work assignments, testing and experimentation.

Engineers Australia

The Australian Engineering Stage 1 Competency Standards for Engineering Technologists, approved as of 2013. This table is referenced in the mapping of graduate attributes to learning outcomes and via the learning outcomes to student assessment.


Stage 1 Competencies and Elements of Competency


Knowledge and Skill Base


Systematic, theory based understanding of the underpinning natural and physical sciences and the engineering fundamentals applicable to the technology domain.


Conceptual understanding of the, mathematics, numerical analysis, statistics, and computer and information sciences which underpin the technology domain.


In-depth understanding of specialist bodies of knowledge within the technology domain.


Discernment of knowledge development within the technology domain.


Knowledge of engineering design practice and contextual factors impacting the technology domain.


Understanding of the scope, principles, norms, accountabilities and bounds of sustainable engineering practice in the technology domain.


Engineering Application Ability


Application of established engineering methods to broadly-defined problem solving within the technology domain.


Application of engineering techniques, tools and resources within the technology domain.


Application of systematic synthesis and design processes within the technology domain.


Application of systematic approaches to the conduct and management of projects within the technology domain.


Professional and Personal Attributes


Ethical conduct and professional accountability.


Effective oral and written communication in professional and lay domains.


Creative, innovative and pro-active demeanour.


Professional use and management of information.


Orderly management of self and professional conduct.


Effective team membership and team leadership.

Graduate Attributes

Successfully completing this Unit will contribute to the recognition of attainment of the following graduate attributes aligned to the AQF Level 7 criteria, Engineers Australia Stage 1 Competency Standards for Engineering Technologists and the Sydney Accord:


Graduate Attributes

(Knowledge, Skills, Abilities, Professional and Personal Development)

EA Stage 1 Competencies

Learning Outcomes

A. Knowledge of Science and Engineering Fundamentals

A1. Breadth of knowledge of engineering and systematic, theory-based understanding of underlying principles, and depth of knowledge across one or more engineering sub- disciplines


1.1, 1.3


1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7

A2. Knowledge of mathematical, statistical and computer sciences appropriate for engineering technology




1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7

A3. Discernment of knowledge development within the technology domain


1, 3, 4

A4. Knowledge of engineering design practice and contextual factors impacting the technology domain




5, 6, 7

B. Problem Solving, Critical Analysis and Judgement

B1. Ability to research, synthesise, evaluate and innovatively apply theoretical concepts, knowledge and approaches across diverse engineering technology contexts to effectively solve engineering problems


1.4, 2.1, 2.3


1, 4, 5, 6, 7

B2. Technical and project management skills to design complex systems and solutions in line with developments in engineering technology professional practice


2.1, 2.2, 2.3, 3.2


C. Effective Communication

C1. Cognitive and technical skills to investigate, analyse and organise information and ideas and to communicate those ideas clearly and fluently, in both written and spoken forms appropriate to the audience




1, 3, 4

C2. Ability to engage effectively and appropriately across a diverse range of cultures



D. Design and Project Management

D1. Apply systematic synthesis and design processes within the technology domain

2.1, 2.2, 2.3


D2. Apply systematic approaches to the conduct and management of projects within the technology domain




4, 6

E. Accountability, Professional and Ethical Conduct

E1. Innovation in applying engineering technology, having regard to ethics and impacts including economic; social; environmental and sustainability


1.6, 3.1, 3.4


E2. Professional conduct, understanding and accountability in professional practice across diverse circumstances including team work, leadership and independent work


3.3, 3.4, 3.5, 3.6


Unit Competency and Learning Outcome Map

This table details the mapping of the unit graduate attributes to the unit learning outcomes and the Australian Engineering Stage 1 Competency Standards for the Engineering Technologist.




Graduate Attributes














Engineers Australia Stage 1 Competency Standards for Engineering Technologist

























































































































































































Unit Learning Outcomes






























































Student assessment


Assessment Type

When assessed



(% of total unit marks)

Learning Outcomes Assessed


Assessment 1

Type: Multi-choice test / Group work / Short answer questions

Example Topic: Laws of mechanics, fundamental mechanics concepts such as forces, equilibrium, and statics.

Students may complete a quiz with MCQ type answers and solve some simple equations to demonstrate a good understanding of the fundamental concepts.


Week 5






Assessment 2

Type: Multi-choice test / Group work / Short answer questions / Practical / Remote Lab / Simulation

Example Topic: Moment of inertia, friction, rigid body dynamics, stress, strain, deformation, friction, moment of inertia


Students may provide solutions to simple problems on the listed topics


Week 7




2, 3


Assessment 3

Type: Multi-choice test / Group work / Short answer questions / Practical / Remote Lab / Simulation / Project

Example Topic: Stress-strain analysis, shear force and bending moments, deflection in beams.

Students may complete a quiz with MCQ type answers or solve some simple problems or use software to complete a practical.


Week 9




4, 5


Assessment 4

Type: Examination Example Topic: All topics

An examination with a mix of detailed report type questions and/or simple numerical problems to be completed in 3 hours


Final Week




1 to 7


Attendance / Tutorial Participation

Example: Presentation, discussion, group work, exercises, self-assessment/reflection, case study analysis, application.






1 to 7

Prescribed and Recommended readings

Suggested Textbook

  • Hibbeler, RC 2007, Mechanics of Materials, 7th edn, Prentice Hall, ISBN-13: 978- 0132209915

    Reference Materials

  • Crandall, SH, Dahl, NC, & Lardner, TJ 1999, An Introduction to the Mechanics of Solids, Second Edition with SI Units, McGraw-Hill Science/Engineering/Math, ISBN- 13: 978-0072380415.

  • Peer-reviewed journals

  • Knovel library:

  • IDC Technologies publications

  • Other material and online collections as advised during the lectures


Unit Content

One topic is delivered per contact week, with the exception of part-time 24-week units, where one topic is delivered every two weeks.


Topic 1

Basic Mathematics Review (Introductory Trigonometry)

  1. Angles

  2. Triangles

  3. Pythagoras

  4. Sine, cosine, tan

  5. Trigonometric Ratios

  6. Elevation and Depression

  7. Non Right Angle Triangles

  8. Circle – properties, arc length, equation

  9. Radians

  10. Trigonometric Identities

(Introductory Geometry)

  1. Common shapes

  2. Area of common and complex shapes

  3. Graphing circles and the unit circle

  4. Common 3D shapes

  5. Volume of common and complex 3D shapes


Topic 2

Introduction to Dynamics and Mechanics 1

  1. Distance, time and mass measurements

  2. Fundamental constants and dimensional analysis

  3. Position, displacement, velocity, speed, acceleration and SUVAT

  4. Scalars, vectors and forces

  5. Velocity and acceleration in two dimensions


Topic 3

Introduction to Dynamics and Mechanics 2

  1. Force and mass

  2. Laws of mechanics

  3. Newton’s First Law

  4. Newton’s Second Law

  5. Reaction Forces

  6. Newton’s Third Law

  7. Torque


Topic 4


Equilibrium of Rigid Bodies


  1. Lami’s theorem, parallelogram and triangular law of forces

  2. Equilibrium of a particle

  3. Equivalent systems of forces

  4. Principle of transmissibility

  5. Free body diagrams

  6. Types of supports

  7. Action and reaction forces

  8. Moments and couples

  9. Varignon’s Theorem

  10. Equilibrium of rigid bodies in two and three dimensions


Topic 5


Properties of Surfaces and Solids


  1. Centroids and centre of mass, lines and areas

  2. Rectangular, circular, triangular areas

  3. T-section, I-section, angle section, hollow section

  4. Parallel axis theorem and perpendicular axis theorem

  5. Principal moments of inertia

  6. Mass moment of inertia


Topic 6

Friction and Rigid Body Dynamics


  1. Friction force

  2. Laws of sliding friction

  3. Wedge friction

  4. Rolling resistance

  5. Translation and rotation of rigid bodies

  6. General plane motion of simple rigid bodies


Topic 7

Stress, Strain, and Deformation of Solids


  1. Properties of materials

  2. Rigid bodies and deformable solids

  3. Tension, compression

  4. Stress and strain

  5. Hardness, Modulus of Elasticity and Failure

  6. Deformation of simple and compound bars

  7. Hooke’s law

  8. Poisson’s ratio

  9. Thermal stresses, elastic constants, volumetric strains

  10. Stresses on inclined planes

  11. Lab testing for tension, compression and shear


Topic 8


Bending Moment and Shear Force in Beams


  1. Types of beams

  2. Loading conditions and types of reactions

  3. Shear forces and bending moments

  4. Shear force and bending moment diagrams for beams subjected to concentrated loads, uniformly distributed loads (UDL), uniformly varying loads (UVL), and couples

  5. Trusses


Topic 9


Bending, Deflection and Shear Stresses in Beams


  1. Theory of simple bending

  2. Bending stress equation

  3. Relationship between bending stress, bending moment, and radius of curvature

  4. Buckling

  5. Shear stresses in beams

  6. Shear stress across rectangular, circular, symmetrical I and T sections (excluding composite and notched)

  7. Deflection of beams by superposition

  8. Equations for deflection, slope, and bending moment


Topic 10


Torsion and Springs


  1. Deformation in circular shaft due to torsion

  2. Torsion equation

  3. Angular deflection

  4. Hollow and stepped circular shaft

  5. Extension and Torsion Springs

  6. Spring constant

  7. Stresses in helical springs

  8. Deflection of helical springs, carriage springs

  9. Lab testing for torsion


Topic 11


Principal Stresses and Strain


  1. Transformation of plane stresses

  2. Principal stresses and strain

  3. Maximum shear stresses and strain

  4. Mohr’s circle for plane stresses and strain

  5. Components subjected to bending, torsion, and axial loads


Topic 12


Thin and Thick Cylinders, Spheres


  1. Stresses in thin cylinders

  2. Deformation in thin and thick cylinders

  3. Spherical shells subjected to internal pressure

  4. Deformation in spherical shells

  5. Lame’s theorem

  6. Exam revision