By the end of this course you will be able to:
February intake has now commenced. Next intake is August 6th and registrations are now open – enquire now here
حماية أنظمة الطاقة الكهربية is also scheduled to be presented by Egyptian/Arabic-speaking instructors. If you would like more information on Arabic courses please contact CLICK HERE
Any power system is prone to 'faults' (also called short-circuits), which occur mostly as a result of insulation failure and sometimes due to external causes. When a fault occurs, the normal functioning of the system gets disturbed. The high current resulting from a fault can stress the electrical conductors and connected equipment thermally and electro-dynamically. Arcs at the fault point can cause dangerous or even fatal burn injuries to operating and maintenance workers in the vicinity. Faults involving one phase and ground give rise to high 'touch' and 'step' voltages posing danger of electrocution to personnel working nearby. It is therefore necessary to detect and clear any fault quickly. The first device used in early electrical systems was the fuse, which acted both as the sensor and the interrupting device. With larger systems, separate devices became necessary to sense and interrupt fault currents. In the beginning these functions were combined in a single assembly; a circuit breaker with in-built releases.
This practice is still prevalent in low voltage systems. In both high systems and low voltage systems of higher capacities, the sensing is done by more sophisticated devices called relays. Relays were initially electro-mechanical devices but static relays and more recently digital relays have become the norm. With more complex systems, it is necessary to detect the point of fault precisely and trip only those sections affected by the fault while the rest of the system can continue to function normally. In the event of the nearest circuit breaker failing to operate, the next breaker in the upstream (feeding) side has to be tripped as a 'back up' measure. Another requirement is to minimise the time for which a fault remains in the circuit; this is necessary to reduce equipment damage and the danger to operating personnel.
These requirements necessitate different forms of relaying apart from the simple current sensing relays. Equipment such as generators, transformers and motors also need special forms of protection characterised by their design and operating principles.
This course will explain all of these points in detail and provide you with the skills and knowledge necessary to calculate fault currents, select relays and associated instrument transformers appropriate to each typical system or equipment. You will also learn how to adjust the setting of the relays so that the relays closest to the fault will operate and clear the fault faster than the backup devices.
Electrical distribution system
Reading single line diagrams
LV, MV AND HV equipment
Function and types of electrical switchgear
Basic circuit breaker design
Need for protective apparatus
Basic requirements and components
The development of simple distribution systems
Faults-types, effects and calculations
Equivalent diagrams for reduction of system impedance
Calculation of short circuit MVA
Unbalanced faults and earth faults
Phase and earth faults
Comparison of earthing methods
Effect of electric shock on human beings
Sensitive earth leakage protection
Fuse operating characteristics, ratings and selection
Energy 'let through'
General rules of thumb
Circuit breakers - types, purpose and arc quenching
Behavior under fault conditions
Protective relay-circuit breaker combination
Circuit breakers with in-built protection
Conventional and electronic releases
'Class' of instrument transformers
Voltage and current transformers
Principle of construction and operation of protective relays
Special focus on IDMTL relays
Factors influencing choice of plug setting
The new era in protection - microprocessor, static and traditional
Universal microprocessor overcurrent relay
Technical features of a modern microprocessor relay
Future of protection for distribution systems
The era of the IED
Need for reliable auxiliary power for protection systems
Batteries and battery chargers
Trip circuit supervision
Why breakers and contactors fail to trip
Capacity storage trip units
Protection design parameters on MV and LV networks
Coordination - basis of selectivity
Current, time and earth fault grading
Grading through IDMT protection relay
Coordination between secondary and primary circuits of transformers
Current transformers - coordination
Importance of settings and coordination curves
Protective relay systems
Main, unit and back-up protection
Methods of obtaining selectivity
Machine, transformer and switchgear differential protection
Feeder pilot-wire protection
Time taken to clear faults
Unit protection systems - recommendations and advantages
Over current and earth fault protection
Application of DMT/IDMT protections for radial feeders
Directional over current relays in line protection
DMT and IDMT schemes applied to large systems
Unit and impedance protection of lines
Use of carrier signals in line protections
Transient faults and use of auto reclosing as a means of reducing outage time
Auto-reclosing in circuits with customer-owned generation
Auto-reclosing relays for transmission and distribution lines
Transformer connections and magnetizing characteristics
On-load tap changers
Mismatch of current transformers
Types of faults
Restricted earth fault
Protection by gas sensing and pressure detection
Motor protection basics
Transient and steady state temperature rise
Thermal time constant
Motor current during start and stall conditions
Stalling of motors
Unbalanced supply voltages and rotor failures
Electrical faults in stator windings earth fault phase-phase faults
Typical protective settings for motors
An introduction to generator protection
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What are the fees for my country?
The Engineering Institute of Technology (EIT) provides distance education to students located almost anywhere in the world – it is one of the very few truly global training institutes. Course fees are paid in a currency that is determined by the student’s location. A full list of fees in a currency appropriate for every country would be complex to navigate and, with today’s exchange rate fluctuations, difficult to maintain. Instead we aim to give you a rapid response regarding fees that is customised to your individual circumstances.
We understand that cost is a major consideration before a student commences study. For a rapid reply to your enquiry regarding courses fees and payment options, please enquire via the below button and we will respond within 1 business day.
Please contact us with your location for certificate fees in the relevant currency. Certificate fees include all live webinars with a professional instructor, 4 technical manuals (as searchable eBooks), course materials, software, postage, assignments and ongoing support. All you need to participate is an internet connection, computer and headset. We have group discounts available for our 3 month certificates.
Three payment options are available for the Advanced Diploma courses;
Pay total amount upfront to receive a 5% reduction in fees.
Pay in 6 equal instalments over 18 months. First payment at least two weeks before the course starts, then the remaining five every 3 months. Payment dates will be set ahead of time and provided at the start of the course. You would receive the 30 technical reference eBooks in batches over the duration of the course.
Pay in even installments for 18 months. First payment at least two weeks before the course starts, then one on the same date every month for the remaining period. This option incurs a 2% administration fee. You would receive the 30 technical reference eBooks in batches over the duration of the course.
For a rapid reply to your enquiry regarding courses fees and payment options, please contact us with your name, email address, course title(s), and location using the form below, and we will respond within 1 business day.
There is scarcely an aspect of modern life that isn’t dependent on electrical energy. It is used in such varied activities as cooling, heating, transport, manufacturing, production, communications, minerals processing and water transfer. Engineers and technicians with an electrical diploma find employment in fields as diverse as generation, transmission, distribution and the eventual application of electrical energy in machinery. Due to the challenges of climate change there is also a vital interest in the use and storage of renewable and sustainable energy. The demand for well trained electrical professionals is assured with rapid expansion of the electricity supply in the developing world, the addition of the yet-to-be-constructed smart grid, and our growing dependency upon electricity supply of high integrity.
Electrical engineering skills and knowledge are also critical in a wide range of industries ranging from oil and gas, water utilities, process plants, mining, pharmaceuticals, manufacturing and defence. The EIT provide electrical engineering courses online for engineers and technicians of all levels and from all types of industry, be it mining, oil and gas or instrumentation. The Advanced Diploma of Electrical Engineering covers a large range of topics and is suited to anyone needing an intensive and practical look at all facets of electrical engineering.
Key subjects in the EIT School of Electrical Engineering include: power generation, transmission, distribution, rotating machinery, power electronics, earthing and safety regulations, electrical documentation and drawings, ac and dc machines, circuit breakers, transformers, energy efficiency, earthing and lightning, power systems protection, dc and ac emergency power supplies, electrical wiring regulations, high voltage supplies and power quality.
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