Engineering Institute of Technology

 

Unit Name

POWER GENERATION, TRANSMISSION AND DISTRIBUTION

Unit Code

BEE204S

 

Unit Duration

Term

Award

Bachelor of Science (Engineering)

 

Duration 3 years

Year Level

One or Two

Unit Creator/Reviewer

 

Core/Sub-discipline

Sub-discipline

Pre/Co-requisites

BEE106S and BEE108S

Credit Points

3

 

Total Program Credit Points 81 (27 x 3)

Mode of Delivery

Online or on-campus.

Unit Workload

(Total student workload including “contact hours” = 10 hours per week)

Pre-recordings / Lecture – 1.5 hours Tutorial – 1.5 hours

Guided labs / group work / Assessments – 2 hours

Personal Study (recommended) – 5 hours

The objective of this unit is to provide students with detailed knowledge of electrical power generation, transmission, and distribution. Information covered in this unit will include: energy sources and their application; equipment used in power generation; transmission lines and their parameters; and, distribution networks and their operation. Emphasis will be on maintaining the reliability of power supply and optimising resource usage. Students will also undertake a case study of planning the power distribution of an industrial facility applying the principles learnt to suit the local infrastructure and its constraints.

Learning Outcomes

On successful completion of this Unit, students are expected to be able to:

 

  1. Explain power generation principles and generator theory.

  2. Compare and apply appropriate generation methods involving fossil or renewable energy sources for a given application.

  3. Describe AC and DC power transmission networks and overhead line parameters.

  4. Demonstrate a clear knowledge of power system studies and their goals.

  5. Explain the principles of network operation and control, the role of market operators, and the concept of smart grids to achieve network optimisation.

  6. Plan the power distribution system of an industrial facility and carry out the sizing of cables.

    Completing this unit may add to students professional development/competencies by:

    1. Fostering personal and professional skills and attributes in order to:

      1. Conduct work in a professionally diligent, accountable and ethical manner.

      2. Effectively use oral and written communication in personal and professional domains.

      3. Foster applicable creative thinking, critical thinking and problem solving skills.

      4. Develop initiative and engagement in lifelong learning and professional development.

      5. Enhance collaboration outcomes and performance in dynamic team roles.

      6. Effectively plan, organise, self-manage and manage others.

      7. Professionally utilise and manage information.

      8. Enhance technologist literacy and apply contextualised technologist skills.

    2. Enhance investigatory and research capabilities in order to:

      1. Develop an understanding of systematic, fundamental scientific, mathematic principles, numerical analysis techniques and statistics applicable to technologists.

      2. Access, evaluate and analyse information on technologist processes, procedures, investigations and the discernment of technologist knowledge development.

      3. Foster an in-depth understanding of specialist bodies of knowledge, computer science, engineering design practice and contextual factors applicable to technologists.

      4. Solve basic and open-ended engineering technologist problems.

      5. Understand the scope, principles, norms, accountabilities and bounds associated with sustainable engineering practice.

    3. Develop engineering application abilities in order to:

      1. Apply established engineering methods to broadly-defined technologist problem solving.

      2. Apply engineering technologist techniques, tool and resources.

      3. Apply systematic technologist synthesis and design processes.

      4. Systematically conduct and manage technologist projects, work assignments, testing and experimentation.

The Australian Engineering Stage 1 Competency Standards for Engineering Technologists, approved as of 2013. This table is referenced in the mapping of graduate attributes to learning outcomes and via the learning outcomes to student assessment.

 

Stage 1 Competencies and Elements of Competency

1.

Knowledge and Skill Base

1.1

Systematic, theory based understanding of the underpinning natural and physical sciences and the engineering fundamentals applicable to the technology domain.

1.2

Conceptual understanding of the, mathematics, numerical analysis, statistics, and computer and information sciences which underpin the technology domain.

1.3

In-depth understanding of specialist bodies of knowledge within the technology domain.

1.4

Discernment of knowledge development within the technology domain.

1.5

Knowledge of engineering design practice and contextual factors impacting the technology domain.

1.6

Understanding of the scope, principles, norms, accountabilities and bounds of sustainable engineering practice in the technology domain.

2.

Engineering Application Ability

2.1

Application of established engineering methods to broadly-defined problem solving within the technology domain.

2.2

Application of engineering techniques, tools and resources within the technology domain.

2.3

Application of systematic synthesis and design processes within the technology domain.

2.4

Application of systematic approaches to the conduct and management of projects within the technology domain.

3.

Professional and Personal Attributes

3.1

Ethical conduct and professional accountability.

3.2

Effective oral and written communication in professional and lay domains.

3.3

Creative, innovative and pro-active demeanour.

3.4

Professional use and management of information.

3.5

Orderly management of self and professional conduct.

3.6

Effective team membership and team leadership.

Successfully completing this Unit will contribute to the recognition of attainment of the following graduate attributes aligned to the AQF Level 7 criteria, Engineers Australia Stage 1 Competency Standards for Engineering Technologists and the Sydney Accord:

 

Graduate Attributes

(Knowledge, Skills, Abilities, Professional and Personal Development)

EA Stage 1 Competencies

Learning Outcomes

A. Knowledge of Science and Engineering Fundamentals

A1. Breadth of knowledge of engineering and systematic, theory-based understanding of underlying principles, and depth of knowledge across one or more engineering sub- disciplines

 

1.1, 1.3

 

1, 2, 5

A2. Knowledge of mathematical, statistical and computer sciences appropriate for engineering technology

 

1.2

 

4, 6

A3. Discernment of knowledge development within the technology domain

1.4

1, 2, 5

A4. Knowledge of engineering design practice and contextual factors impacting the technology domain

 

1.5

 

2, 5, 6

B. Problem Solving, Critical Analysis and Judgement

B1. Ability to research, synthesise, evaluate and innovatively apply theoretical concepts, knowledge and approaches across diverse engineering technology contexts to effectively solve engineering problems

 

1.4, 2.1, 2.3

 

4, 6

B2. Technical and project management skills to design complex systems and solutions in line with developments in engineering technology professional practice

 

2.1, 2.2, 2.3, 3.2

 

6

C. Effective Communication

C1. Cognitive and technical skills to investigate, analyse and organise information and ideas and to communicate those ideas clearly and fluently, in both written and spoken forms appropriate to the audience

 

3.2

 

1, 2, 3, 5

C2. Ability to engage effectively and appropriately across a diverse range of cultures

3.2

 

D. Design and Project Management

D1. Apply systematic synthesis and design processes within the technology domain

2.1, 2.2, 2.3

4, 6

D2. Apply systematic approaches to the conduct and management of projects within the technology domain

 

2.4

 

6

E. Accountability, Professional and Ethical Conduct

E1. Innovation in applying engineering technology, having regard to ethics and impacts including economic; social; environmental and sustainability

 

1.6, 3.1, 3.4

 

2

E2. Professional conduct, understanding and accountability in professional practice across diverse circumstances including team work, leadership and independent work

 

3.3, 3.4, 3.5, 3.6

 

This table details the mapping of the unit graduate attributes to the unit learning outcomes and the Australian Engineering Stage 1 Competency Standards for the Engineering Technologist.

 

 

 

Graduate Attributes

A1

A2

A3

A4

B1

B2

C1

C2

D1

D2

E1

E2

 

Engineers Australia Stage 1 Competency Standards for Engineering Technologist

1.1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1.2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1.3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1.4

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1.5

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1.6

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2.1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2.2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2.3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2.4

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.4

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.5

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.6

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Unit Learning Outcomes

LO1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

LO2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

LO3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

LO4

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

LO5

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

LO6

 

 

 

 

 

 

Student Assessment

 

 

Assessment Type

When Assessed

Weighting

 

(% of total unit marks)

Learning Outcomes Assessed

 

Assessment 1

Type: Multi-choice test / Group work / Short answer questions / Practical / Remote Lab / Simulation

Example Topic: Power generation and generators. Students will complete a quiz with MCQ type answers to

30 questions to demonstrate a detailed knowledge of power generation and generators.

 

Week 4

 

15%

 

1, 2

 

Assessment 2

Type: Multi-choice test / Group work / Short answer questions / Practical / Remote Lab / Simulation

Example Topic: Transmission and network operations.

Students will complete a test with about 20 questions each to be answered in less than 100 words and explanatory diagrams to demonstrate a detailed knowledge of transmission and distribution networks.

 

Week 10

 

20%

 

3, 4, 5

 

Assessment 3

Type: Multi-choice test / Group work / Short answer questions / Practical / Remote Lab / Simulation / Project / Report

Example Topic: Generators, transmission and distribution.

Students plan the power distribution system of an industrial facility and carry out the sizing of cables using software such as EasyPower.

 

Week 11

 

20%

 

6

 

Assessment 4

Type: Project

Example Topic: A project covering the application/ planning aspects of power generation, transmission, and distribution.

 

Final Week

 

40%

 

6

 

Attendance / Tutorial Participation

Example: Presentation, discussion, group work, exercises, self-assessment/reflection, case study analysis, application.

 

Continuous

 

5%

 

1, 2, 3, 4, 5,

6

Prescribed and Recommended Readings

 

Required textbook(s)

 

Grisby L.L., 2012, Electric Power Generation, Transmission, and Distribution, CRC Press, ISBN 9781439856284

 

Reference Materials

Number of peer-reviewed journals and websites (advised during lectures).

 

Unit Content

One topic is delivered per contact week, with the exception of part-time 24-week units, where one topic is delivered every two weeks.

 

Topics 1 and 2

Power generation basics, renewable, and non-renewable sources

  1. Forms of energy and conversion

  2. Thermal conversion cycles

  3. Thermal power plants using combustion processes

  4. Gas turbine/combined cycle generation

  5. Engine generators

  6. Nuclear energy and its constraints

  7. Renewable sources and their importance in today’s context

  8. Hydro-electric power generation

  9. Cogeneration for better efficiency

  10. Environmental hazards of non-renewable sources, particularly nuclear energy

 

Topic 3

Alternators: Theory, construction, and operation

  1. AC generator theory

  2. Load angle and stability

  3. Alternator impedances

  4. V-curves

  5. Synchronising a generator and control behaviour when operating in parallel to an infinite grid

  6. Construction of alternators, cooling, excitation

 

Topics 4 and 5

Power transmission networks, configuration, and overhead transmission lines,

  1. Need for power transmission networks

  2. AC and DC transmission - brief comparison

  3. Transmission through overhead lines

  4. Various types of towers and conductor configurations

  5. Overhead line parameters

  6. Need for transposition of conductors

  7. Ferranti effect in long transmission lines

  8. Overhead line design, span, sag calculations, route survey

  9. Insulators and insulation coordination

  10. Surge impedance of lines

 

Topic 6

Power system studies

  1. Objectives of power system studies

  2. Short circuit study

  3. Sequence components and application in short circuit calculations

  4. Load flow and voltage profile

  5. Stability studies and improvement

  6. Harmonic flow and control

 

Topics 7 and 8

Network operation, voltage and power factor control, reliability indicators and improvement

  1. Network operation-control and reliability

  2. Reasons for network failures and addressing route causes

  3. Reliability indicators

  4. Remote operation-imperatives

  5. Supervisory control and Data Acquisition

  6. SCADA components

  7. Data communication for SCADA and communication standards including IEC 61850

  8. Remote monitoring of network installations using SCADA infrastructure

  9. Voltage control in transmission and distribution (Voltage regulators and control by on- load tap changing of transformers)

  10. Automatic reclosers for reliability improvement and role of disconnectors

  11. Static VAR compensation (single phase and 3 phase)

  12. Power factor correction by capacitors (shunt and series compensation)

  13. Synchronous condensers

 

Topic 9

Deregulation of power industry, role of market regulator, smart grids

  1. Regulation in power industry-current trends and benefits

  2. Market operation basics

  3. Market operations in Australian context

  4. Role of Network Market operator

  5. Smart grid and infrastructure requirements, benefits

  6. Micro grids and their role in integration of customer-site power generation with the network

 

Topics 10 and 11

Power distribution and role of underground cables, planning of industrial power distribution

  1. Power distribution in utility and industry

  2. Distribution system configurations: radial, ring, and mesh

  3. Equipment used in utility distribution networks

  4. Distribution system planning

  5. Load and demand calculations, factors to be considered

  6. Industrial power distribution fundamentals

  7. Distribution architecture and redundant power arrangement for reliable power

  8. Cables and their role in distribution networks

  9. Cable types and applications

  10. Cable sizing calculation and de-rating factors

  11. Cable accessories

 

Topic 12

Unit Review

In the final week students will have an opportunity to review the contents covered so far. Opportunity will be provided for a review of student work and to clarify any outstanding issues. Instructors/facilitators may choose to cover a specialized topic if applicable to that cohort.